Voice, Tense, and Mood Study Guide By: Jack Senay

Active Voice

Active Voice: when the subject is the doer of the action. Active= Verb

The kid received the present.

He heard the sound of reindeer hooves on the roof.

Passive Voice

Passive Voice: the subject is the receiver of the action. Passive= Verb Phrase

The present was given to the kid.

The sound of reindeer hooves on the roof was heard by him.

Progressive Tense


Be+present participle

Forms of be: Am, is, are, was, were, and will be

He will be delivering presents on the day of Christmas.

We are prepping the tree for Santa.

Perfect Tense


Have+ past participle

Forms of Have: has, had, and will have.

We had planned this night for weeks.

We will have played with toys by the end of the day.

Subjunctive Mood

Subjunctive: If, whether, should, would, suggest, recommend, that, wish, and desire.

If I were you I would decorate a little.

Imperative Mood

Imperative: A command

Go set up the Christmas houses and the ornaments.


Indicative(Question): Questions

Will Santa visit us tonight?

Emphatic Mood

Emphatic: Do

I do hope Christmas comes soon.


Indicative (fact): Fact or statement

Christmas is going to be so much fun.


Created with images by http://www.christmasmarine.com/ - "Beautiful Christmas tree" • cocoparisienne - "christmas christmas card texture" • Muffet - "snowflake ornament" • LoboStudioHamburg - "christmas atmosphere santa claus" • Alexas_Fotos - "christmas greeting card teddy" • john47kent - "Christmas Tree" • whatleydude - "Presents!" • KRiemer - "made for you loop" • PsJeremy - "Myer's Christmas Window - Winter scene according to "Russell the Sheep" theme" • tsayrate - "Handyman theme Christmas Tree"

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