Today I went to the Meenakshi Amman temple, it's one of the most important Indian Hindu temples. I was in Madurai, Tamil Nadu India. Madurai is the holy city were the temple was. The temple is dedicated to Sundareswar meenakshi, both highly respected people. The Meenakshi Amman temple is a big deal there because it is a symbol for the Tamil people. It was built in the early 16th century. It houses 14 towers including 2 golden Gopurams, each were hand painted and sculpted. It was fun talking ti different people and learning more about the temple. It was easy to find someone with information with about 15,000 visitors a day. I spent the whole day and haven't finished looking at all 33,000 sculptures. Hindu architecture is special because it has elements that celebrate the Hindu gods. Elements like fire, water, nature and gods/goddesses. The Meenakshi temple was devoted to Sundareswar, one of the few goddesses to have a major temple devoted to her. I was told the legend says that she was the daughter of a mighty King. She was born with a abnormality and he father worried until a voice came to the king telling him not to worry because it will go away when she met her future husband.
Today I visited a Buddhist sacred site. I traveled to Bodh Gaya, it was where Buddha attained great understand underneath a tree known as the Bodhi tree. Its a place visited for devotion. For Buddhist its a very sacred place. There are 3 other important sites from Buddhas journey. I asked around which site would be best to visit. I as told that the Bodh Gaya was the most sacred place to visit all thought he other 3 sites, Kushinagar, Lumbini, and Sarnath, where also very important to the Buddhist religion. There were 3 key parts of Bodh Gaya I found important to my trip. I saw the Mahabodhi temple, the famous Bodhi tree I mentioned before in m blog, and the Daijokyo Buddhist temple which i found the most interesting part of the site. While at Bodh Gaya i learned that Buddhism architectural cultural has 2 common structures: Viharas and Stupas. People had different definitions for the architecture but they all followed the same idea. Viharas were to welcome wandering monks during bad weather. Stupas are common places used for meditation.
Today I traveled to the Wailing Wall. The wailing wall is a Judaism sacred site in Jerusalem. That wailing Wall also know as the Western Wall is an ancient limestone wall. I read that it was originally a part of the Second Jewish Temple. Today I also learned that the Second Jewish Temple was built by Harold the Great. Also known as the Temple Mount. I was told that the Wailing Wall is the holiest place for a Jew to pray. Its also very important to the culture because it is attached to the Temple Mount. Asking around i learned about Judaism architecture. Thee architecture materials contained mostly clay, stone and wood. The structures would stay circular, like the dome from the Temple Mount, and rectangular. I learned from a architect that the structures came from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic periods.
Today I didn't travel far, I went to s sacred church called Golgotha. Its another sacred site Jerusalem. I learned today that Golgotha was tradition to be the site where Jesus was crucified. The cave where Jesus was buried is alo here. I read that archaeologist said that they will never now for sure if this was the actual site although a lot of evidence says that is. Because this was where Jesus was buried it is a very important holy site for Christians. Christianity architecture tends to change and be unique since the beginning of the religion although crosses, bibles, verses and angels are seen on the outside and inside of churches to represent Jesus Christ.