Homer Adof Plessy:
Homer Adof Plessy was Homer Adolph Plessy was a Louisiana French speaking Creole plaintiff in the United States Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson. His case was in which the U.S. Supreme Court, on May 18, 1896, by a seven-to-one majority (one justice did not participate), advanced the controversial “separate but equal” doctrine for assessing the constitutionality of racial segregation laws.
John Howard Furgeson:
John Howard Ferguson was an American lawyer and judge from Louisiana, most famous as the defendant in the Plessy v. Ferguson case. His case was On October 13, 1890, all the important players (including Homer Plessy, his attorney, James Walker, Louis Martinet and Rodolphe Desdunes), and the prosecuting attorney, Lionel Adams, appeared in front of Judge Ferguson in the Criminal Courts Building. Ferguson considered Plessy guilty because he thought the state had the right to make decisions on passing segregation policies.
Supreme Court Decision:
The supreme court decided that the justices denied the argument that separation of the races by law “stamps the colored race with a badge of inferiority.” They argued instead that racial prejudice could not be overcome by “an enforced commingling of the two races.” According to this argument, outlawing segregation would not eliminate racial prejudice, because such societal beliefs could not be changed simply by changing the law. (http://landmarkcases.org/en/Page/436/Summary_of_the_Decision)
How it effected our country:
The Plessy vs. Ferguson case allowed separate but equal which was known as segregation to become a law in the US, after that Jim crow laws which were meant to discriminate against African Americans spread over the US.