Dia de los muertos means day of the dead. It is celebrated November 1st. It is a Mexican Tradition to celebrate dead love ones. Dia De Los Muertos honors the dead with festivals and lively celebrations, a typically Latin American custom that combines indigenous Aztec ritual with Catholicism, brought to the region by Spanish conquistadores.
The most familiar symbol of day of the dead is calacas and calaveras (Skulls and Skeletons) , which appear any where during the holiday: in candied sweets, as parade masks, as dolls. Calacas and Calaveras are most almost portrayed as enjoying life, often in fancy clothes, and entertaining situations.
Day of the Dead is celebrate throughout mexico and the Catholic world...Italy, Spain, South America and the Philippines all celebrated All Souls and All Saints Day on November 1st and 2nd.. Special Masses and perhaps cleaning of the cemetery tombs are part of the traditional activities... it's only in Central and Southern Mexico where the colorful parties take place in the cemeteries and elaborate ofrenda altars are built in the homes to honor specific family members who have passed on.
Pan de Muerto is the bread that prepared and eaten during the Day of the dead season. It is an essential element of the altar, and perhaps the food item which is most closely associated with the holidays.