Stop-motion Animation

Early History

Stop motion was a method of animating objects for films. This would require lots of pictures of the object with slight changes between each frame. When played, the moving frames would create the illusion of movement from the object. The first ever stop motion film was the Humpty Dumpty Circus (1898) created by James Stuart Blackton and Albert Edward Smith. Blackton continued working with stop motion to create The Enchanted Drawing.

Video: The Humpty Dumpty Circus

Mainstream Film Making

Stop motion's first serious entry into main stream film making was The Lost World (1925) by Willis O'Brien, which became very popular. The film featured stop motion animation mixed in with real life actors. Willis O'Brien continued developing his techniques until he made the movie, King Kong (1933) by then, he had fixed many of the flaws of his previous work The movie had smoother motion, more realistic expressions and better use of stop motion mixed with real life acting.

Willis O'Brien and King Kong

MODERN STOP MOTION

LAIKA

Although many movies have moved away from stop motion, due to the amount of time and resources required to make the movie successful. LAIKA is a company that has stayed with stop motion animation and continued to improve and develop new techniques for stop motion. They still release new movies made using stop motion, the most recent one being Kubo and The Two Strings (2016).

Below: A few of LAIKA's movies

Kubo and the two Strings
Boxtrolls
Coraline

Credits:

Created with images by Sam Town - "Walace & Gromit & Morph"

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