The Great Sphinx of Giza Half person, half lion

The Sphinx?

What is 4,536 years old, 241 feet long, 20 feet wide, 66 feet high, and made of limestone? You guessed it, The Great Sphinx of Giza. This structure, built by the Egyptian slaves, made them different from other cultures in their time period. The reason for this is very few civilizations could accomplish such a big task, because they didn't have as many workers as the Egyptians.


The sphinx was originally made to Egyptian pharaoh Khafre during his reign. Sphinx' are usually built for guarding important areas such as tombs and temples. Modern Egyptologists estimate a workforce of about 20.000 to 25,000 men. Today, the Great Sphinx still stands despite the 4,000 years of damage from harsh weather. Also, the Sphinx has continually eroded since its construction.

What the sphinx looked like before after it lost all its paint.

The architectural creation of the sphinx made the ancient Egyptian culture different from the rest. The Great Sphinx is a mythological creature with the body of a lion and the head of a person and is two hundred forty-one feet long, twenty feet wide, sixty-six feet high, and made of limestone. The eyes on the face are six feet tall, the ears are over three feet tall and the nose would have been five feet long before it was knocked off. No one is entirely sure how the nose got knocked off but some stories say that Napoleon's men accidentally knocked it off, but that was proven untrue because pictures of the sphinx without the nose have been found prior to Napoleon's arrival. Others say someone, who considered the sphinx to be evil, chiseled it off. Though it is now indistinct from the tan color of its sandy surroundings, the Sphinx may at one time have been completely covered in vivid paint. Residue of red paint can be found on the statues face, while hints of blue and yellow remain on the body. In the display it shows how the Sphinx looked before and after.

Some people thought there were hidden passageways under the Sphinx, but. Nothing has been found.

The Great Sphinx represents many things including the sun. It often symbolized the pharaoh in the form of the sun god Ra. When the sphinx wore a ran head it was associated with the god Amun. All of these things made the Egyptian culture very unique.

Jeunesse, Galimard, Pyramids, Scholastic, 1994, book

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.