Industrial Era– Construction or Destruction? Yabsira tamirat, 6th hour

First of all, what was rapid industrial movement? To sum it up, the rapid industrial movement was the quick transition to new and improved ways to manufacture things. How did this all come about? Well, in 1789, a Britishman that went by the name Sam Slater immigrated to the United States. Sam carried a lot of detailed knowledge of textile machinery but was told to not breathe a word (of his knowledge) when he immigrated to the states. But, Slater didn't oblige. Instead, he constructed the first successful cotton mill in America. This was only the beginning to the American phenomenon. But along with this phenomenon came a question that, to this day, lingers in the air— was rapid industrial movement a blessing or a cure?

I personally think the rapid industrial movement was a blessing. To be more descriptive, a blessing in disguise. Because of this movement, there were new inventions, there were more jobs for new coming immigrants as well as women, and labor unions were formed.

New Technology–

Technology blossomed during the 18th century. We got ahold of basic materials, such as iron and steel. We also have the use of new energy source. This includes not only fuels, but motive power as well (ex. coal, the steam engine, petroleum). Not only did these inventions sprout about, but new machines (such as the spinning jenny) did as well. This machine increased the production of cotton which was booming at the time. Along with this came developments in transportation and communication. The telegraph was a system that allowed people to converse via Morse code in seconds. The steam locomotive was also a hit at the time. Because of these technological changes, the use of natural resources and the mass production of manufactured goods tremendously increased.

Hope For The Future—

Before the industrial movement, the population of America wasn't too-too high nor did it have that many immigrants. Well, now it did. During this time period, a famine occurred in Ireland. This famine is what we now call the Potatoe Famine. Due to the conflict that this famine brought to the Irish, they decided to come to the United States to seek a better life. The rapid industrial movement provided them with one (a better life). Because there were many factories emerging from the ground, there were many job opportunities. And, luckily enough, these immigrants were granted one. Not only did immigrants get jobs, but women did as well. Not only did the Irish immigrate, but Germans did as well. This helped increase our population, which is another huge plus for America.

Labor Unions—

So, first off, what are labor unions? Labor unions are formed by groups of workers who sought out to protect and further their rights through legislative reform. Why was this necessary? Well, admittedly, the conditions in the factories were poor. But, because of these labor unions, work hours dropped from a tiring, almost never ending day to a nice 8 hour day. Along with that, other harsh working conditions were bettered.

Works cited

Baines. History of the Cotton Manufacture. 1835. Britannica. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Web.

"Industrial Revolution." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Jean-Joseph-Étienne Lenoir’s Steam Engine. Hulton Archive/Getty Images. N.d. N.p.

Labor Day Parade in New York City, 1909. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (Digital File Number: Cph 3a34038). N.d. N.p.

Mokyr, Joel. "Great Famine." Brittanica. N.d. Print.

"National Labor Union (NLU)." Brittanica. N.d. Print.

Victims of the Irish Potato Famine Arriving in Liverpool, Eng.; Illustration in the … © N.d. N.p.

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