Technology blossomed during the 18th century. We got ahold of basic materials, such as iron and steel. We also have the use of new energy source. This includes not only fuels, but motive power as well (ex. coal, the steam engine, petroleum). Not only did these inventions sprout about, but new machines (such as the spinning jenny) did as well. This machine increased the production of cotton which was booming at the time. Along with this came developments in transportation and communication. The telegraph was a system that allowed people to converse via Morse code in seconds. The steam locomotive was also a hit at the time. Because of these technological changes, the use of natural resources and the mass production of manufactured goods tremendously increased.
Hope For The Future—
Before the industrial movement, the population of America wasn't too-too high nor did it have that many immigrants. Well, now it did. During this time period, a famine occurred in Ireland. This famine is what we now call the Potatoe Famine. Due to the conflict that this famine brought to the Irish, they decided to come to the United States to seek a better life. The rapid industrial movement provided them with one (a better life). Because there were many factories emerging from the ground, there were many job opportunities. And, luckily enough, these immigrants were granted one. Not only did immigrants get jobs, but women did as well. Not only did the Irish immigrate, but Germans did as well. This helped increase our population, which is another huge plus for America.
So, first off, what are labor unions? Labor unions are formed by groups of workers who sought out to protect and further their rights through legislative reform. Why was this necessary? Well, admittedly, the conditions in the factories were poor. But, because of these labor unions, work hours dropped from a tiring, almost never ending day to a nice 8 hour day. Along with that, other harsh working conditions were bettered.