Guinea Bissau By: Storm perez, Alex Zaragoza, Juan Valencia and Cameron Grzych

Before colonization Guinea Bissau was seen as a potential model for African development. Guinea Bissau was once the kingdom of Gabú, which was part of the larger portions of the larger empire of Mali.

The first European to encounter Guinea Bissau was the Portuguese explorer Nuño Tristão in 1446. Later the Portuguese used the slaves from Guinea Bissau to grow cotton and indigo in previously uninhabitated Cape Verde islands.

Their government is a semi-presidential republic. Their leader is Jose Mario Vaz. The nation has a massive foreign debt and an economy that relies on heavy foreign aid.

In 1973 Guinea Bissau claimed their independence. In 1974 the Portuguese leader, Almeida Cabral, was assassinated. Their independence led to a guerilla war. Then a conflict broke out in the 1990s that drew in Guinea, Nigeria, Senegal and France that later sent the president into exile. There was also a military mutiny later in 1998 which started a civil war.

Sources:

http://historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistoriesResponsive.asp?ParagraphID=oxa

http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/guinea-bissau-granted-independence

http://aglobalworld.com/holidays-around-the-world/guinea-bissau-independence-day/

http://www.infoplease.com/country/guinea-bissau.html

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