1900 - 1910 in Texas The Most Important Decade

1900 - 1910

The first decade of the 20th century was definitely the most important one for many reasons. Two of the biggest events in all of Texas history occurred in this decade and both of them still impact the state today.

The Great Hurricane

On September 8, 1900, a hurricane hit Galveston, Texas. The video below explains how this event impacted Texas then, and still affects the state today.

Oil comes to Texas

The next major event occurred on January 10, 1901. Oil was discovered in Texas at Spindletop near Beaumont.

Anthony Lucas made the first discovery of oil in the salt domes at Spindletop.

Oil spewed for days before workers were able to cap it off.

Thousands of people poured into the small town of Beaumont hoping to cash in on the discovery of oil. Beaumont grew to a city almost overnight.

Wildcatters began to drill for oil in Texas in other locations, hoping to find the same success as Lucas. Wells were discovered in nearby Houston and further down the coast. Explorers began to look in other parts of Texas and found success there as well.

Texas was changed forever by this discovery. Most Texans had been ranchers and farmers, but oil changed all of that. Many new towns and cities developed around the wells. New businesses were created around the oil industry. Transportation improved and most of Texas was now connected by railroad tracks.

Oil continues to be a huge part of the Texas economy and brings many people to Texas looking for jobs.


1900 - 1910 was the most important decade in the 20th century in Texas. Both the Galveston hurricane and the discovery of oil at Spindletop are events that still shape Texas and, for that matter, the world today.


Created with images by chuck4x5 - "Beaumont" • CircaSassy - "A student's history of Illinois (1917)" • skeeze - "cattle drive longhorn cows" • jp26jp - "oil rig industry refinery"

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