The Anne Frank House
The Anne Frank House, or Secret Annex as Anne liked to call it, was the hiding place of the Frank family. It was disguised as a spice factory that Otto Frank couldn't put under his name due to it being Jewish. They hid behind a bookshelf that acted as a secret door and had the basic parts of a house like a kitchen, bathroom, and bedrooms.
The Van Gogh Museum
The Van Gogh Museum was an art gallery for the works of Vincent Van Gogh. His art style was called impressionism which focused on capturing a single moment in time by painting quickly. The artist would set up and start painting very quickly and it would usually take a few hours. Paintings have been stolen from this museum, but Van Gogh still filled the gallery due to him painting about two times a day.
I. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
II. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
III. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
IV. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
V. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Laws were targeted mainly at the Jewish. They were laws that basically took away most freedom and in doing so also discriminates against a big group of people. Some Jewish people couldn't marry who they wanted because they were German and they were Jewish and all mirriage that was between a Jew and German was unrecognized in Germany. Intercourse between a German and Jewish person was illegal because it could, as some people put it, "pollute the German bloodline." Workers that were German under the age of 45 couldn't work at Jewish store or factories because by age 45 they may be unwanted. Jews weren't allowed to fly the German flag, or Reich, during that time or wear colors on the flag, but they could wear Jewish colors because it put people out as making it obvious that they're not German. Anyone who breaks these laws are punished by hard labor in prison.
Propaganda is a way of influencing people's thoughts and opinions through any means possible. It can be used to persuade people to join armies, vote for a person or idea, or spread an opinion about someone else. Propaganda can be in the form of Television broadcasts, posters on walls, speeches, books, or anything that can be used to convince people. The uses of propaganda are practically unlimited, but some ways they're used are to make someone buy a product or only buy products from a company, convince people to join the army and fight for a cause, sway people at a young age to think and act like someone, or do something someone wasn't sure about doing.
Otto Frank is the father of Anne Frank and Margot Frank. He is described as the leader by Miep Gies and everyone looks up to him. Trying to get a job, he left for the United States, but returned back to Germany in 1911. During the first world war, Otto was drafted into the German army and got promoted to the rank of lieutenant. He is the only Frank to survive after the Holocaust and lived to read his daughter's diary and publish it.
Peter van Pels (Daan)
Peter van Pels, also known as Peter van Daan, was described by Anne Frank as a shy and lazy boy. He's an only child that had a dream of going to work on a rubber plantation after the war was over. He has done some jobs that doesn't seen like him like chopping wood and collecting vegetables. He died during the war.
Miep Gies was born in 1909 and sent to the Netherlands during World War 1. She began work for Otto Frank in 1933 with his company and later helped him in hiding. She had her husband take Otto's company under his name because they aren't Jewish. She lived throughout World War 2 and all the way to the 2000s, but died in 2010.
Margot Frank is Anne Frank's sister and they are three years apart with Margot being older. Miep described Margot as just being there and not having a close relationship with her. She wanted to become a nurse after the war, but died with her sister in the same camp. It has been rumored that Margot also has a diary like Anne. Anne was in love with Peter and she thought Margot was also in love.
Act I Summary
Otto Frank has returned home only to find that his whole family is gone. Miep tells him that she has Anne's diary and he takes it and reads. Anne starts talking about how they got to where they were when in hiding and they meet the Van Daans while unpacking and Miep explains that she will be giving them all their food and necessities. Anne talks with Peter and Peter decided to burn the star of David because it brought too many bad memories, but Anne decided to keep it possibly because she didn't know the horrors it has caused them that well. Mr Kraler comes in to tell them that another person will be joining them and that person is Mr Dussel. Mr Dussel brings news of what has been happening outside of hiding that families have been taken. It's now Hanukkah and a thief breaks into their home. This makes them hope that the thief isn't caught and tells people about where the Franks are hiding.