Priority between Evidence and Research Method HYOSANG AHN -- Peer Review: Marco Symington -- DATE: April 5, 2017 - April 13, 2017 -- BADGE TITLE: AOK BADGE: Human Science

4/3/17 (1st AOK - History: Redo Outline; 2nd AOK - Human Science: Brainstorm)

* We made an outline for the presentation over history, so it is closer to the TOK presentation style. I learned that the outline for the presentation is similar to that of writing, topic, evidence, and reasoning.

4/5/17 (2nd AOK - Human Science: Video Reflection)

* The video discussed the reliability of science and religion, and it concluded that neither of them have perfect reliability because of the lack of lucid evidence. There is a vague line of an information that can be considered as science or not. I already know that creation-evolution theory have been an issue since it was established, but I learned that people will never know the correct answer for such theory forever.

4/11/17 (2nd AOK - Human Science: Planning)

* I learned that ‘observation’ may not fulfill reliability for several occasions. Only some components of observation may be significant depending on which topic is involved: sometimes the contents of the evidence that is investigated, or the methods that are used to investigate them. For example, one of the articles available for the badge project was explaining the comparison between the politics supporters and their arguments on the life quality in nations with cultural diversities.

4/13/17 (2nd AOK: Peer Review)

* I learned that for the TOK writing, the tie in between the knowledge claim and evidence has to be strong and effective, so the claim can be well-supported.

Below is the TOK Essay Practice based on the Knowledge Question.

Which is more important: the evidence that an observer can collect, or the method he or she uses to collect the evidence?

Rough Draft:

While conducting a statistical experiment, the method that an investigator collect for his or her research is more important than the resulting evidence. Today doctors, banks, and other organization significant to people’s lives use average-based statistics to make the change on their work quality. Mainly this is because the population is too large, so making adjustments on every individual customers will be an extremely time-consuming task. However, that still remains as the problem, as proposed by human scientists, even they use the method of calculating average. In this case, the individual aspects of people are more significant than the social aspects, because each may have extremely different situations from those from same categories of the problem. Therefore, some experts argue that there is a need of methods beyond finding the average in order to provide services that fit better to each individuals, like making sub-categories or conducting experiment periodically. Although designing the method for an experiment may be a difficult task for some occasions, one may need to consider it more than the evidence that he collects.

Final Draft:

While conducting a statistical experiment, the method that an investigator collect for his or her research is more important than the resulting evidence. Today doctors, banks, and other organization significant to people’s lives use average-based statistics to make “life-changing decisions”. Mainly this is because the population is too large, so making adjustments on every individual customers will be an extremely time-consuming task. However, that still remains as the problem, as proposed by human scientists, even they use the method of calculating average. For example, when a doctor prescribes his patients with common disease the medicine with average-calculated dosage, some patients with rare type of the disease category can have problem. Hence, the individual aspects of people are more significant than the social aspects, because each may have extremely different situations from those from same categories of the problem. It is similar to giving a class-average-based curve on the test, averaged 70, taken by one of the students who scored a 50. Therefore, some experts argue that there is a need of methods beyond finding the average in order to provide services that fit better to each individuals, like making sub-categories or conducting experiment periodically. Although designing the method for an experiment may be a difficult task for some occasions, one may need to consider it more than the evidence that he collects.

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