Rome Geography by: Genesis bailey

Italy is an important location in the middle of the Mediterranean region. It is a long, narrow penisula with a unique shape that looks like a high-heel boot. The heel points toward Greece and the toe goes toward the island of Sicily. Across the top are the Alps, mountains that separate Italy from European lands to the north. The Apennines, another mountain range, runs all the way down the boot from north to south. The landscape of Italy is similar as Greece. The people who'd settled in Italy were not splitted up into small, isolated communities like the Greeks because, the Apennines were not as rugged as Greece's mountains, but can be crossed over more easily. And plus, Italy had better farmland that Greece. Italy could support more people because, they had more capacity to produce food with the mountain slopes leveling off into large, flat plains that was ideal for growing crops.

This map shows modern day Italy which is the high-heel boot shaped country that's a lighter gray with a darker outline.

The site chosen for Rome was about 15 miles upthe Tiber River from the Mediterranean Sea. The river gave the Romans a source of water and everyone else; and since Rome was far enough from the sea, people can escape raids by pirates. Plus Rome was built of seven hills. This was on purpose; since the hills were steep, it made it easier to defend the city against enemy attacks. Rome also became a stopping station for people traveling north and south in western Italy and for merchant ships sailing in the western Mediterranean because, Rome was located at place where people can cross the Tiber River.

This shows where Rome is and that it's easy for the people can cross the Tiber River over to the other side.

After about 800 B.C., other groups joined the Romans in Italy. Two of the groups, were the Greeks and the Etruscans, who played a major role in shaping the Roman civilization. Many Greeks came to southern part of Italy and Sicily between 750 B.C. and 550 B.C., during the time when Greece was busily building overseas colonies. From the Greeks, the Romans learned to grow olives and grapes. They also adopted the Greek alphabet, and would eventually model their sculpture, architecture, and literature after the Greeks. Rome's growth was influenced by the Etruscans that lived north of Rome in Etruria; but moved, in 650 B.C., south and took control of Rome and most of Latium. The Etruscans changed Rome from a village of straw-roofed huts, that looked poor or whatnot, into a city of wood and brick buildings, that looks well put together. They laid out temples, streets, and public buildings around a central square. The Etruscans also taught Romans a new style of dress, featuring short cloaks and togas—loose garments draped over one shoulder. Most importantly, the Etruscan army would serve as a model for the mighty army the Romans eventually assembled.

The sterets are still well put together, and the buildings, from when the Etruscans changed up Rome.

The Etruscans ruled Rome for more than 100 years. Under them, Rome became wealthy and powerful. However, the ruling family, called the Tarquins, grew more cruel. Finally, in 509 B.C., the Romans rebelled, overthrew the Tarquins, and set up a republic; a form of government which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote. In a republic, the citizens have the power. Rome was still a small city surrounding by it's enemies. Over the next 200 years, the Romans fought war after war against their neighbors, in 338 B.C. they finally defeated the other Latins living nearby and next, they attacked the Etruscans and defeated them in 284 B.C. By 267 B.C., the Romans had also conquered the Greeks in southern Italy and became the masters of almost all of Italy.

The Red parts of the land is the Roman Republic when Rome conqured Italy soon after they fought and won against the Tarquins in 509 B.C. and started to form a government.
Created By
genesis bailey
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Credits:

Created with images by skylark - "vittorio emanuele monument rome rome palace" • SEDACMaps - "Italy: Input Administrative Boundaries" • larrywkoester - "Tiber River - map" • Sean MacEntee - "Rome"

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