Otto Dix, born Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix, was born on December 2, 1891 in Untermhaus, Germany. He was exposed to art at an early age and often spent long hours in his cousin's studio. His cousin Fritz Amann and his primary school teacher encouraged to follow his artistic dreams. Otto Dix first began painting landscapes between 1906 and 1910 when he served an apprenticeship with a painter named Carl Senff. In 1910, he entered the Kunstgewerbeschule (Academy of Applied Arts) in Dresden. Otto Dix served in World War I from 1915 to 1918. When he was discharged from service, he returned to Dresden after the war and studied as the Hochschule fur Bildende Kunste. Otto Dix died on July 25, 1969 at the age of 77.
Most Famous Paintings: Metropolis (1928) and Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden (1926)
Metropolis: This painting portrays depraved actions of Germany's Weimar Republic where nonstop revelry was a way to deal with the wartime defeat and financial catastrophe.
Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden: This painting demonstrates the "new woman" that emerged in Germany during the 1920s. It is showing the social changes that were present during that time and how women were focusing more on themselves.
Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden
Other Works by Otto Dix