Sit-Ins A Non-Violent way of protesting segregated restaurants durng the civil rights movement

Sit-Ins during the Civil Rights Movement was an effective however challenging way to protest segregation during that time.

In order for an effective Sit In during the Civil Rights Movement a black person would sit in a white only section of a restaurant and not order food, denying others the service of the restaurant and denying the restaurant profit. This would go on or repeat until the business unsegregated their establishment and made it equal for everyone, (until there were no white only zones).

Goals: The goal of a Sit-In during the Civil Rights Movement was in order to deny a segregated business of it making a profit in order to protest the inequality of that business.

Sit ins often turned violent when white people began to become impatient however it remained a peaceful protest from black people.

The Civil Rights Movement Sit-Ins History By 1960, the leader of The Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King Kr. had employed many non-violent tactics in order to protest segregation such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott from 1955 to 1956. On Febuary 1st 1960 they used another, Sit-Ins. It started with four African American college students who walked up to a whites-only lunch counter at the local WOOLWORTH'S store in Greensboro, North Carolina, and asked for coffee. When service was refused, the students sat patiently. Despite threats and intimidation, the students stayed there and quietly waited to be served, Sit-Ins were born.

Newspaper Articles that came out about the Woolworth sit-ins by college students (Actual articles Included through link)

Effectiveness

After the Sit-Ins, Civil Rights Activists saw what these college students were doing and jointed with the Greensboro 4 to create a boycott on the WOOLWORTHS industry. After this WOOLWORTHS saw how much money they were losing and decided to desegregate their business. The Sit-In was effective.

Modern Day Sit-In

In June of 2016 a group of democrats held a sit in inside of the Capitol in order to protest a vote on gun policy reform. They combined the sit in from the Civil Rights era and modern social media to get out their cause. It did work as they prohibited the House from voting. It became an act of heroism however was also seen as a controversial act by many.

"There's no problem on the planet that can't be solved without violence. That's the lesson of the civil rights movement." -Andrew Young

Sit ins, Boycotts, and all effective forms of peaceful protest show that nobody has to get hurt when fighting for something you believe in. Violence never has to be the answer there are always other tactics to utilize.

Works Cited

Pictures

Hemmer, Nicole. The Image Says Everything. Digital image. U.S. News & World Report. U.S. News & World Report, 9 June 2015. Web. 13 Jan. 2017 <http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/nicole-hemmer/2015/06/09/texas-pool-party-police-brutality-footage-more-fuel-for-black-lives-matter>.

Eehii. Harassment during a Civil Rights Sit-in at the Cherrydale Drug Fair in Arlington, VA June 10, 1960. Digital image. Reddit. Eehii, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2017. <http://i.imgur.com/n9uPIuH.jpg>.

Surber, Don. Why the Sit In Backfired. Digital image. Blogspot. Blogspot, 23 June 2016. Web. 13 Jan. 2017. <http://donsurber.blogspot.com/2016/06/why-sit-in-backfired.html>.

A Sit-In on the House Floor Over Gun Control. Digital image. The Atlantic. The Atlantic, 22 June 2016. Web. 13 Jan. 2017. <http://www.theatlantic.com/liveblogs/2016/06/house-democrats-gun-control-sit-in/488264/>.

Information

Us History.org. "The Sit-In Movement." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, 2017. Web. 17 Jan. 2017. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/54d.asp>.

O' Mara, Sean. "Nonviolent Direct Action at Southern Lunch Counters." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2017. <https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/civil-rights-movement/resources/nonviolent-direct-action-southern-lunch-counters>.

Russert, Luke, Alex Moe, Halimah Abdullah, and Corky Siemaszko. "Democrats Ending Dramatic Gun Control Sit-In." NBCNews.com. NBCUniversal News Group, 23 June 2016. Web. 13 Jan. 2017. <http://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/democrats-end-gun-control-sit-after-more-24-hours-house-n597741>.

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