hedgehog by:lauren fowler

what is a hedgehog?

A hedgehog is any of the spiny mammals of the subfamily Erinaceinae, in the eulipotyphlan family Erinaceidae.

Brief history

The hedgehog was named because of its peculiar foraging methods.hedgehogs share distant ancestry with shrews ,with gymnures possibly being the intermediate link, and have changed little over the last 15 million years.however,hey have adapted to a nocturnal way of life.

Groupings and characteristics

Hedgehogs are easily recognized by their spines, which are hollow hairs made stiff with keratin.Their spines are not poisonous or barbed and unlike the quills of a porcupine, do not easily detach from their bodies. However, the immature animal's spines normally fall out as they are replaced with adult spines. they have small feet,a small nose and a soft belly.

Hedgehogs are a group of insectivores that includes seventeen species.

  • Four-toed hedgehog, Atelerix albiventris
  • North African hedgehog, Atelerix algirus
  • Southern African hedgehog, Atelerix frontalis
  • Somali hedgehog, Atelerix sclateri
  • Amur hedgehog, Erinaceus amurensis
  • Southern white-breasted hedgehog, Erinaceus concolor
  • European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus
  • Northern white-breasted hedgehog, Erinaceus roumanicus
  • Long-eared hedgehog, Hemiechinus auritus
  • Indian long-eared hedgehog, Hemiechinus collaris
  • Daurian hedgehog, Mesechinus dauuricus
  • Hugh's hedgehog, Mesechinus hughi
  • Desert hedgehog, Paraechinus aethiopicus
  • Brandt's hedgehog, Paraechinus hypomelas
  • Indian hedgehog, Paraechinus micropus
  • Bare-bellied hedgehog, Paraechinus nudiventris

Housing and equipment

Your hedgehog requires a clean, dry, hospitable home to stay happy and healthy. Do not place your pet's home in direct sunlight,or in s drafty area.Bedding material should be non-toxic, low-dust, absorbent, several inches deep.Being shy creatures, one of the most important things you can do for your pet hedgehog is to provide her with a place to feel secure.

Feeding and Handling

We recommend handling your hedgehog for at least a half hour a day. The easiest way to accomplish this task is 15 minutes in the morning and 15 minutes in the evening.Some hedgehog owners suggest that you wait to handle your new hedgehog a couple days so that it has a chance to get accustomed to its cage.this is not a bad idea,but do what is best for you.

Hedgehogs are classified as insectivorous (insect eaters) but appear to be very opportunistic eaters in the wild eating a wide variety of insects, mollusks (worms and snails) small animals and vegetation, fruits. and greens.

Common diseases or ailments

  • Dental Disease,
  • Reproductive Diseases
  • Ectoparasites
  • Neurological Diseases
  • Urinary Tract Diseases


Depending on the species, the gestation period is 35–58 days. The average litter is 3–4 newborns for larger species and 5–6 for smaller ones. As with many animals, it is not unusual for an adult male hedgehog to kill newborn males.


Created with images by amayaeguizabal - "hedgehog animal baby" • michio - "hedgehog cute animal" • amayaeguizabal - "hedgehog baby cute" • TomaszProszek - "hedgehog spring animal" • szabfer - "african dwarf hedgehogs" • Chief Trent - "Baby Hedgehogs"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.