Queen Victoria was born on May 24, 1819 in London, England. Her parents where Edward the duke of Kent and Victoria Saxe-Saalfield-Coburg. Her father died when she was eight months old. Therefore her mother became her dominant influence. As a child, Victoria was a warmhearted, lively girl who had possessed talents of drawing, painting, and journalism.
Upon Edward's death, Victoria became the next automatic heir to the throne because her three surviving uncles, who were ahead of her in succession, did not attain any legitimate heirs. Therefore, Victoria became queen at the age of 18. Because Victoria was young, she was given a prime minister named Lord Melbourne who taught her how to be a constitutional monarch.
In 1840, Victoria married her cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who was German. At first, the British public did not warm up to the Prince right away which caused him to be excluded from all and any political meetings. At times, their relationship struggled between their two extremely strong personalities that they posses. Through these struggles Victoria and Albert loved each other and were so devoted to each other they had 9 children.
During Queen Victoria's reign, she made many political, economic , and social accomplishments to Britain. For Victoria's political accomplishment, Britain underwent an expansion in industry, the building of railroads was introduced along with bridges, underground sewers, and power disruption networks throughout the empire.
Her social accomplishments included advances in science (social Darwinism), technology, vast number of inventions, growth in major cities such as Manchester, Leeds and Birmingham, and lastly an increase in literacy such as journalism.
Lastly, Victoria's economic accomplishment included the expansion of Britain to Canada, Australia, India, and various possessions of Africa and the South Pacific. During this, Victoria was "emblematic of the time: an enthusiastic supporter of the British empire, which stretched across the globe and earned the adage."
Queen Victoria died on January 22, 1901 at 81 years old. Life in Britain became known as the Victorian England because of the persona Victoria left on the country. Her ethics and personality are truly what made her era great.