History of the Microscope Robert Hooke | Zacharias JansSen | Anton van lEeuwenhOek |

Robert Hooke

  • Birth Date: July 18, 1635
  • Death Date: March 3, 1703
  • Place of Birth: Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England
  • Occupations: Academic, Scholar, Physicist, and Scientist.
  • Contribution to the Microscope: He created the term "cell", because he was discussing the structure of the cork. He also discovered plant cells.

Hooke's Microcope

Compound Microscope

Juicy Facts:

  • He was a sickly child
  • He was apprentice to a painter when he was young
  • He worked many jobs such as Curator at the Royal Society of London (1662) Professor of Geometry at Gresham College in London (1665), city surveyor (1666).


"Microscope history: Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703)." Robert Hooke's microscope discoveries - Hooke's Macrographia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history-of-the-microscope.org/robert-hooke-microscope-history-micrographia.php>.

"Robert Hooke." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 29 Dec. 2015. Web. 155 Jan. 2017.<http://www.biography.com/people/robert-hooke-9343172#synopsis>.

Zacharias Janssen

  • Birth Date: 1580
  • Death Date: 1638
  • Place of Birth: The Hague, Netherlands
  • Occupation: Spectacle-maker
  • Contributions to the Microscope: Created the first microscope. It was kind of like a hand lens at that time, and with that you would slide your sample in.

Janssen's Microscope

The first microscope

Juicy Facts:

  • During the fires that followed German bombardment of Middleburg many of the archives that had documented his life were burned.
  • Many scholars believe that his father Hans played a large part in the creation of the microscope.


"Hans and Zacharias Jansen: A complete microscope history." Hans and Zacharias Jansen - A complete microscope history. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history-of-the-microscope.org/hans-and-zacharias-jansen-microscope-history.php>.

"My Article." ~ My Article. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2017. <http://www.ib-article.com/2012/07/biography-zacharias-janssen-inventor-of.html>.

"Zacharias Janssen." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2017. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacharias_Janssen>.

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

  • Birth Date: October 24, 1632
  • Death Date: August 26, 1723
  • Place of Birth: Delft, Netherlands
  • Occupations: Tradesman and Scientists
  • Contributions to the Microscope: He was the first person to observe and describe single celled organisms. Also the first person to record and observe muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa, and blood flow in capillaries.

Leeuwenhoek's Microscope

Juicy Facts:

  • He had no fortune and didn't have a higher education or university degrees.
  • He is nicknamed "the Father of Microbiology".


"Anton van Leeuwenhoek: A history of the compound microscope." Anton van Leeuwenhoek - History of the compound microscope. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history-of-the-microscope.org/anton-van-leeuwenhoek-microscope-history.php>.


Created with images by Key Foster - "microscope"

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