Now it is time to design your city.
We will now work in teams to create 4 urban designs. Remember Urban Designers must design with the future in mind, think ahead! You may divide the work amongst your group however you like, however, your Final Project/Design must include the following elements and considerations.
- A color land use map, with a legend, that has a minimum of 6 types of land use; residential, public institutions, public park/open space, commercial, transportation, and power & waste facilities. You may add more land use types if you like. You must account for all of the land in your city. The map must be drawn in a 1" = 400' scale. This will allow you to fit one square mile on your paper.
- Your city must be able to house at least 10,000 inhabitants.
- Your city must have a waterfront land. Many older cities were built on the water because this was the primary means of trade. As we have come to use rail and automobiles more this land has often been repurposed as either high end residential, or park spaces. These are very different decisions about how to use this valuable land. What will you decide for your city?
Your final project will be presented to the class - you should be prepared to discuss your reasoning for your land use zones and where you put them.
Start by dividing your paper into a one inch grid. This will allow you to quickly figure out measurements and not have to measure each element of your design separately.
Second, decide where you coastline and other bodies of water will be (they will most likely be connected by rivers or canals). You may design your city as an island if you'd like. Now you are ready to decide, where will people live? Where will public institutions be? Parks? Transportation systems.......First discuss your priorities for you city on each of these topics. Then begin drawing!
SOME HELPFUL STANDARD MEASUREMENTS FOR URBAN DESIGN
- Average City Block - 400' (making a square mile approximately 16 city blocks)
- Average Single Rowhome footprint measurement - 16' x 40' (Philadelphia), may be bigger, using this measurement you can fit approximately 120 homes in a city block.
- Sample Apartment Building footprint measurement - 100' x 400'
As we move forward we will watch a series of videos in class on issues surrounding contemporary urban design. The links can be found in your iTunes U course for reference.
Checklist for Planning your City
Use this list to review and make sure you have all the elements necessary for a successful city.
At least 5 different areas of “land use” (designated by color and explained in a legend somewhere on your map) Remember the grid is there to help you estimate space, your land masses and roads do not have to adhere to the grid, but can be organic shapes. Refer to the land use maps in the course.
Residential areas for a total of 10,000 people
You should have a mix of single family homes and apartment buildings.
Using our scale of 1” = 400’ you are able to fit approximately 120 single family homes in a city block. These are often broken into apartments. For this project you will estimate 6 people per single family home. So that means a full block of single family homes can house 720 people.
The floor plan of the below above can fit 20 people per floor, with a footprint of 100’ x 400’. You could fit 4 of these per block.
Depending on how many floors your apartment building are you fit anywhere from 120 people to 3,200 per building.
6 floors x 20 ppl. = 120 per building
160 floors x 20 ppl. = 3,200 per building