Signature Assessment: Final Exam By: Brettany Sebolt

Student Rights and Responsibilities

Case: Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)

What is the importance of this case?

Tinker vs. Des Moines represented the first time the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on a case involving the first amendment right of freedom of speech within school districts. The court upheld the student's right to peacefully express their opinion of the Vietnam War, by wearing arm bands, over the school's insistence that it should be allowed to regulate all forms of expression when it was acting as a parent during the school day and at school functions. Many individual believed that the decision in Tinker would allow students to exercise all of their First Amendment rights in school, including freedom of the press; however, the court didn't address that issue until much later in the Hazelwood School District case.

http://www.answers.com/Q/What_was_the_impact_of_Tinker_v_Des_Moines

Teacher Actions: how does this legal case impact actions that I may take as a teacher?

The Tinker vs. Des Moines case, to me, was a very ground breaking case as it set the stage for student rights when it came to freedom of speech. As a future educator, I want to promote students rights and to encourage students to voice their opinions. I believe it is so important for student's to do this, but also to encourage them to do so in a positive way. I will teach my students to be kind and courteous to others, even if they don't agree with some of their viewpoints. As long as student's are not disrespectful or disruptive, I will encourage them to state and share their opinions on any current events happening around the world. I feel that sharing current events, what we think about them, what we want to learn about them, would be a great strategy to use during morning message to promote and encourage freedom of speech within my classroom.

How does the case take into account or impact student differences in promoting an inclusive learning environment?

I do believe that my strategies mentioned about to promote and encourage all areas of diversity within my classroom. It gives students the right to voice their opinions, and also give students an opportunity to listen to their peers viewpoints and beliefs. It is important for educators to also instruct our students that even if we may not agree with something someone else says or believes, we need to respect them and respect what they believe in. We need to teach our students that it is not ok to belittle or berate someone if their beliefs do not match our own. Instead, we should encourage them to listen with an open mind and heart.

In what ways can I incorporate technology to facilitate the learning experiences?

Modification: I could incorporate technology into my morning message by having students grab a chrome book before I start class and have them find a current event that they agree with or don't agree with. They will get to share with the class what their current even was and why they chose it.

Redefinition: I would give students a current event. Students who agree or like the current event will stand on one side of the room, while others who don't agree with or don't like will stand on the other side of the room. They will then partner up and create a video trying to convince their partner to change their viewpoints, but in a polite way. This encourage students to work together and respect each other's ideas even if they may not necessarily agree.

How will students benefit from my teacher actions?

Students will benefit from these activities, as I have stated above, by teaching students to state their opinions and beliefs, but also having an open mind and heart when others are stating their opinions and beliefs. By having students work together that do not share the same ideas, this will teach children that they can be passionate about what they believe in, but also need to be respectful towards others, even if they may not share the same viewpoints.

Teacher Professional Rights and Responsibilities

Fowler Vs. board of education

What is the importance of this case?

Jacqueline Fowler was a tenure teacher employed in a Kentucky school system. She had been a teacher there for fourteen years. She was discharged in July, 1984 for insubordination and conduct unbecoming a teacher. The basis for this action was that she had an "R" rated movie, shown to her high school students on the last day of the school year. The students in Fowler's classes were in grades nine through eleven and were of the ages fourteen through seventeen. The court concluded that Fowlers conduct was protected by the first amendment, and that she was discharged for exercising her constitutionally protected rights. Consequently, it awarded her reinstatement, back pay with interest, reimbursement of funds necessary for her reinstatement, etc.

https://judicialview.com/Court-Cases/Administrative_Law/Fowler-v.-Board-Of-Education-Of-Lincoln-County-Kentucky/2/439165

Teacher Actions: how does this legal case impact actions that I may take as a teacher?

First of all, I would never show an "R" rated movie to any students, especially elementary students. As a teacher, I would review any movie that I would want to show my students to make sure it is age appropriate. I might also send a note home with the students asking parental permission for their child to view the movie and why it is being shown. I would also ask the principal or superintendent to review the movie to make sure they agree that it is suitable to show my students.

How does the case take into account or impact student differences in promoting an inclusive learning environment?

In this case, Fowler believed the movie contained important, socially valuable messages that her students were capable and mature enough to view. I still would have wanted to cover all basis by receiving permission from the school as well as the student's parents. I feel that the teacher had good intentions and only wanted to expose her students to diversity by viewing the film.

In what ways can I incorporate technology to facilitate the learning experiences?

I can incorporate technology by having students find certain videos or films that are related to specific unit of study that we are currently studying.

How will students benefit from my teacher actions?

Students will benefit from my teacher actions because I am keeping their best interest in mind. I will only subject them to certain things that I know they are ready for. I will always strive to include parents as well as administration in every aspect of my curriculum as well.

Teacher Personal Rights and Responsibilities

United states vs. morrison

In 1969, the California Supreme Court rejected the notion that teachers can automatically be dismissed for immoral behavior. The case involved Marc Morrison, who engaged in a brief homosexual relationship with another teacher. A year later, the other teacher reported the incident to Morrison's superintendent. This disclosure led the Board of Education to revoke Morrison's teaching credentials on the grounds of immoral and unprofessional conduct. The California Supreme Court rule in favor of Morrison. The court explained that it was dangerous to allow the terms "immoral" and "unprofessional" to be interpreted broadly.

http://scocal.stanford.edu/opinion/morrison-v-state-board-education-27498

What is the importance of this case?

This case is significant because the question arises, how can a board determine whether or not a teacher's behavior outside of school affect the job in such a way that he or she is unfit to teach? In this case, there was no evidence that Morrison's conduct affected his teaching. Teacher's can only be dismissed on the grounds of that their behavior affects the students and teachers, the age and maturity of the students, the proximity or remoteness of the conduct, the teacher's motivation, extenuating or aggravating circumstances, and the likelihood of the conduct being repeated.

Teacher Actions: how does this legal case impact actions that I may take as a teacher?

This case doesn't really affect me at all, other than the fact that I should not discriminate against other co-workers that may live a different lifestyle than I do. It also makes me realize how our personal lives do tend to affect our work environment.

How does the case take into account or impact student differences in promoting an inclusive learning environment?

In this case, a teacher was dismissed on the grounds that he was engaging in a relationship with another teacher of the same sex. Basically, by dismissing this teacher, it is sending the wrong message to students, especially students who may share the same feelings towards members of the same sex. As educators, we should support our students no matter what they believe in or what we believe to be "morally" correct. We need to encourage and teach our student's to express themselves and by expressing themselves, to embrace who they really are inside. If school districts are dismissing their teachers based on discrimination, what are we teaching and telling our student's?

In what ways can I incorporate technology to facilitate the learning experiences?

I am not sure that there is any way to really incorporate technology into this case, other than to promote self awareness and encourage students to embrace who they are as individuals.

How will students benefit from my teacher actions?

Hopefully, students will learn to embrace different lifestyles and embrace who they are inside without the fear of judgement or discrimination. My goal is to be someone my students can trust and can confide in when it comes to being judged based on what they believe or how they want to live. It is very important for us as adults to treat others with kindness and respect, even though we may not necessarily agree with the way people choose to live. If we can choose to love and respect everyone, and teach our children to live that way also, the world be a much better place for everyone.

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