Tomas De Luis Victoria (1548- August 27, 1611)
Tomas De Luis Victoria was a Spanish composer born in 1548, the time of the Renaissance. He lived in Ávila Spain, and from a young age he became heavily involved with the church, becoming a choirboy at Ávila Cathedral, and studying important Spanish musicians there. Latter on in life, he moved to Rome for studies, including music and theology. He then took up priesthood soon after, he further learned about his religious beliefs. Victoria was supported through his works by a patron named Antonio de Cabezón, who was a blind composer and organist employed by a royal family. Tomas also created pieces of music for a Roman Catholic church. The churches scripture was written in Latin and was exhibited during, motets (which are short pieces of sacred choral music) Holy week, Vespers services, and more.
O Vos Omnes was written in 1572 or earlier, and new recordings of various artists creating replicas of this music can be found on any kind of data base. This verse is significant, because it is based off of the biblical verse Lamentations 1: 12. Todays translation "Is it nothing to you, all who pass by? Look around and see. Is any suffering like my suffering that was inflicted on me, that the lord brought on me in the day of his fierce anger." An the Renaissance translation "Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the LORD hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger."
O vos omnes; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUYAn7m9Wug
Victoria's work was very faith based, and is significant because it takes life experiences, and through the music expresses the emotion of the person portraying the struggle. This song sounds like a plead for people to understand pain and sorrow. The scripture states that the people are ignoring the trials this person is going through, and how “the lord had afflicted anger” upon him.
The -ism, classicism, shows Tomas De Luis Victoria's Musical composition, because the music was based off of scripture, which is taken from the past. Classicism is a tradition, and long established style of art. The works of Tomas are exactly that, showing the historic biblical lessons within the Latin motets, all of this through the roots of his Spanish herritage and Latin church's traditional songs.
I am fascinated by Tomas De Luis Victoria's works, because Tomas was so firm in his beliefs, and through his work, was able to express emotion and show how his faith was impacted through beautiful music. He took parables, and the works from God, and deciples, and turned there writings into a way of worship. He created peices for the church, and through that expressed his religion/beliefs.
Gaudent in Coelis. Dir. Tomas De Luis Victoria. Perf. Inga Godolt,Jael Kriener,Matthias
Music, Virtual Sheet. "Victoria - O Vos Omnes Sheet Music for Choir and Piano." Virtual Sheet
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