Western sahara By Jacie M. Martinez

Location refers to a specific physical points on Earth.

A map of where the Western Sahara lies in the continent of Africa.

The Relative Location of the Western Sahara is in northwestern Africa, and lies within the northern and western hemispheres.

The country is located on the continent of Africa.

A road sign you might pass on your way to the capital.
A picture from the outside of a plane landing in El-Aaiún
The local airport
The location of El-Aaiún

The capital of the Western Sahara is called El-Aaiún. (Laayoune) The exact location is 27.1253° N, 13.1625° W.

The different landforms you can find are quite unique. One of the unique landforms is the Sahara desert it covers most of the country. The Sahara is the largest desert in the world covering an area of 3.629 million squared miles. Another landform is Cape Bojador. The cape was found in 1494 by Portuguese explorers. European explorers considered this a great discovery for trade. Lahraycha is one of the tallest mountains in the Western Sahara with an elevation of 428 meters.

The country is bordered by the countries of Algeria, Mauritania, and Morocco.

A book cover of the Northern Atlantic Ocean.

It is also bordered by the Northern Antlantic Ocean.

Tempatures are very high in the desert areas.
Offshore currents produce fog and dew.

The climate of the Western Sahara is very hot due to most of the land being a desert. Rain is very rare. Cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew.

Rain is very rare.

Sovereignty over Western Sahara is contested between Morocco and the Polisario Front and its legal status remains unresolved. The United Nations considers it to be a "Non-Self-Governing Territory". Formally, Morocco is administered by a bicameral parliament under a constitutional monarchy.

Sawhari Man with his ride
Maghrebi jews

There are many cultural groups in the Western Sahara. The most known are the Sahwari people. There also Berbers and Maghrebi Jews.

A sahwari man carrying the Western Saharan flag

A place is an area that is defined by everything in it. All places have features that give them personality and distinguish from other places (Physical and Human).

Traditional Muslim wedding

The Western Sahara is a Sunni Muslim country 99.9% are Sunni Muslim.

A traditional Muslim family
Most women of Muslim religion will where a hijab.
After Ramadan is over they will celebrate with a feast.

Some traditions and holidays are for religious purposes. Such as The tradition of Ramadan where they fast for the whole month. At the close of Ramadan comes the three-day festival of ʿId al-Fitr, commonly known as "Sweet Id." The celebration is a way of thanking Allah for providing Muslims with the strength to have fasted successfully, and it is marked with feasting and gift-giving.

Typical gifts that are given on Ramadan.
During Ramadan they will pray at a temple

Oil refineries in Western Sahara and morocco since they share the oil profits.
A mine in Western Sahara

A natural resource found in the Western Sahara is oil. Oil I every important for export and to make money. Also minerals and hydropower are very important money making natural resources.

Phosphate piles
Hydroplaning the only power of Western Sahara
Oil refinery in Western Sahara

Human environment interaction refers to the ways people change their environment and how the environment changes them.

Gourd plants that help with scorpion bites.

This is a ground-creeping desert plant that bears inedible gourds roughly the size of small melons. Scientifically named Citrullus colocynthis, this gourd contains a milky sap that used as an antidote to scorpion bites by a local people called the Tuareg. This particular gourd also has detoxing and healing properties. Also Date palms are grown and sold.

Gourd Flower
Date palms

One endangered species of the Western Sahara is the Atlantic Humpback Dolphin. It is endangered because it is known to engage in cooperative fishing with Mauritanian fishermen by driving fish towards the shore and into their nets. In other areas of West Africa however, this species is hunted.

An Atlantic humpback dolphin coming up for air.

Another endangered species is the Sand Cat. The Sand Cat is endangered because The Sand Cats are not endangered because of habitat loss, they are collected for pet trade, and they are hunted for a sport. It is beleived that the Sand Cats population might have been affected by the Golf War. The Sand Cat is classified as endangered, it is so rare that this cat is listed as only having 116 cats of this species living world wide. The Sand Cat is always held in captivity generally in N. American zoos.

A mother Sand Cat and her kitten.

A endangered bird in Western Sahara is the Feas Petrel. It is endangered because they are sub species. Only a few hundred are left.

A Feas Petrel looking for food.

The viability of plant life near oases is threatened due to high populations of domestic animals that graze on insufficient amounts of vegetation. In addition, local inhabitants remove plants for firewood, which ends up being used 30 percent faster than it can be produced. The people living in towns and cities search out firewood as far as 300 kilometers away from their homes. In addition, the development of irrigated water has led to high levels of salt in the soil due to drainage issues.

Camal Herding in the desert

Fisheries on the coast of Western Sahara

Most jobs found in the Western Sahara are fishermen, camal herders, and phosphate miners

Phosphate Plantations

A region is an area of land that has common features. A region can be defined by natural or artificial features. Language, government, or religion can define a region, as can forests, wildlife, or climate.

What classrooms did look like

Many of the students in Western Sahara end up studying abroad getting scholarships to universities in different countries. Most of the countries to offer scholarships are Latin countries such as Mexico, Venezuela , and Cuba. Algeria also offers a schooling system to the their neighbors. Most study for a degree in a medical type degree.

Small daycares for children
Kids that don't go to school due to them living in poverty

Population: 573 thousand as of 2015 Population Density: 2.2 thousand per square kilometer

The area of the country is 102,703 miles squared

The capita GDP is 2,500 as of 2007

The life expectancy in males is 60.7 years and females it is 65.4 years

Literacy rate is not available

Western Sahara has a hot desert climate

Movement primarily refers to the translocation of human beings, their goods, and their ideas from one end of the planet to another. Thus, the theme of movement becomes an important part of geographical studies. Movement deals with studies of population immigration, emigration, and distribution in the countries of the world.

The flag of Wetsern Sahara is a combination of the Pan-Arab colors of black, green, white, and red, and the Islamic symbol of the star and crescent. On 27 February 1976 the flag was adopted as the official flag.

Flag of Western Sahara

Western Sahara hasn't exactly gained its independence because it is a country still colonized and under Moroccan rule. Two thirds of the country is under facto of morroco. The government is also exiled. They however gained some independence from Spain and Spanish rule in 1957.

A computer store where most technology is found
Television satellite

Western Sahara have minimal internet use. The technology is very minimal as they are a small poverty filled country. They do use email and all types of things technology to converse with others.

An internet satellite for one city.
A sea port in Ad Dakhla

Their communication system is limited and sparse. Morrocos state-owned broadcaster operates a radio service in El-Aaiún. There are 6 Airports 3 with paved runways. 2 Major sea ports one in El-Aaiún and another in Ad Dakhla.

Moroccan owned broadcaster broadcasts news through radio.
Ad Dakhla airport
A phosphate rock that could be exported.
What the phosphate end up looking after it has been processed

Wetsern Sahara exports 62 percent of their phosphate. They import fuel for fishing fleet and food.

A fishing fleet is an aggregate of commercial fishing vessels.
Types of food imported

Mohammed Abdelaziz, the longtime leader of a movement to create an independent state for the indigenous people of Western Sahara, died on Tuesday. He was 68.His death came at a time of renewed friction between Morocco and Algeria over the status of the region after the secretary general of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, visited a Sahrawi refugee camp in Algeria and described Morocco’s presence in Western Sahara as an occupation.

Western Sahara front leader Mohammed Abdelaziz

Morocco reacted by expelling 84 civilian members of the United Nations peacekeeping mission from its territory, and some Sahrawi leaders have warned of a possible return to conflict between the sides.

Front leader with the people of Western Sahara

Morroco raids Western Sahara refugee camp

The United Nations Security Council on April 29th, 2016 renewed its peacekeeping mission in the disputed Western Sahara region for a year with a resolution that placed only mild pressure on Morocco, which in a diplomatic flare-up last month expelled many of the staff members of the mission, crippling its ability to function.

Soldiers helping protect Western Sahara

The resolution expressed the “urgent need” for a full restoration of the mission, known by its acronym, Minurso, and called on the United Nations secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, to report in three months whether it had been returned to “full functionality.”

El Mchaouar site

Western Sahara is full of wonderful things to do. They have wonderful cuisine. There food is foreign and has different influences of different countries. You could try a nice slice of camal or goat meat for dinner or lunch. There are some nice beaches because the Western Sahara is on the coastline of the Atlantic. One beach is tarfaya beach. It has nice ocean blue water to swim in. El Mchaouar is a nice place to learn the history of Western Sahara. This is where the green march took place in Western Sahara. They used this march to get rid of the spaniards and earn some freedom. Spanish fort of Dchira is a historic attraction in Western Sahara. This fort is where the attack of the Liberation Army of Sahrawi took place. The Spanish forces were defeated and thus forcing the colonizers out of the territory. To this day, the fort remains the same and mostly preserved.

One of the ruins in the Spanish fort
Tarfaya beach
A summer school poster for those living in the refugee camps.

Schooling is very different than most. Many don't go to schools. The ones who do get scholarships from schools and different countries. Many are asked to move away from their homes in Western Sahara to be closer to school. The many that don't go to work. This may be a reason as to why there is no literacy rate because most kids who have the knowledge don't stay in Western Sahara. Many countries that offer these scholarships are Latin countries. Kids usually go to work at a young age helping out in phosphate mines or on boats helping with the fishing. Girls usually stay home and take care of younger siblings and help cook and/or clean. Girls dress traditionally to Muslim customs like wearing a hijab and not showing much skin. Boys usually where hats and shorts and shirts as it is hot. They usually listen to pop music or town music. Most giRly participate in traditional dances.

Traditional clothes of girls
Sarhrawi boys playing soccer
Created By
Jacie M. Martinez


Created with images by YoTuT - "Sunrise in Dakhla, Western Sahara" • Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Western Sahara Grunge Flag" • 300td.org - "Western Sahara coast line" • Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Western Sahara Grunge Flag" • diametrik - "Fishing fleet"

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