This disorder is mostly common in Caucasian, European parts of the world affecting 1 person per 2000 live births. This is because the genetics and ethnicity of the person can decide on whether they are diagnosed with CF or not.
Symptoms : some of the symptoms for Cystic Fibrosis include : abdomen pain, coughing up blood, Diarrhoeia, heart burn and whole body problems like not being able to exercise.
Having clubbed fingers is also a symptom of Cystic Fibrosis as well as having a very high salt concentration in your body. Having Clubbed fingers means that the tips of your fingers have a rounded top like a little hill sitting on the tip of your finger. With a normal finger the gap between the nail and first bone is an incave instead of a concave nail.
Cystic Fibrosis was not recognised as an actual seperate disease until about 1938. It has been discovered to be most common in very young children and infants. People who are sadly diagnosed with CF are diagnosed at about age 2-3. CF also causes the persons sweat glands to produce sweat which has a very high concentration of salt. This is because the water content is brought to the surface of the skin and can not be absorbed again leaving the skin salty.
Most young children whom have sadly been diagnosed with Cystic Fibrosis live a healthy life until adulthood. The persons functionality of their lungs gets worse and worse up until the point where the person is classified as a disabled person. Through examining the rate over the years it is said that a person with CF will only live up to the age of 37 years old.
Tests for Cystic Fibrosis include : genetic testing, sweat testing, chest x-Ray's, lung functionality tests and pancreas functionality tests. Sweat testing involves a persons sweat being analysed for the salt concentration in the sweat and is the most commonly used test for diagnosis.
Treatments for Cystic Fibrosis - if a person with CF is diagnosed at a young age treatment can begin early even though it won't save their life. "Cystic Fibrosis health clinics generally offer the best help and support for a person with this disorder".
Treatments can vary from different things like........
- Airway clearance - involves breathing through a special device which allows more air to enter a persons lungs improving breathing standards.
- Medicines - "generally an inhaled liquid in the form of a gas, mist or aerosol" which opens up the airways or make the mucus in the persons lungs thin which helps the person to breathe easier.
- Manual chest percussion - "where a person claps the chest and back of a person with CF in order to make the mucus thin and improve breathing".
- Flu vaccines and Exercise/physical activity are also ways a person can treat Cystic Fibrosis.