The word Magnesium originates from the Greek word "Magnesia." The first appearance of Magnesium was back in 1618 when a farmer at Epsom in England tried to give his cows water which they refused to drink since it was too bitter. He later found out that the water healed scratches and rashes. Since then, the fame of Epsom salts spread and they were recognized to be magnesium sulfate. In 1755, Joseph Black recognized magnesium as an element. https://www.webelements.com/magnesium/history.html
The Structure of Magnesium:
- The atomic number of Magnesium is 12
- The atomic mass of Magnesium is 24.3050
- Magnesium has 12 protons, 12 neutrons, and 12 electrons.
- The three stable isotopes of Magnesium are Mg-24, Mg-25, and Mg-26.
Natural sources in which magnesium is found can be in foods such as nuts, leafy vegetables, and fish. There are many other foods that provide a good amount of magnesium that most people already eat regularly. Teenagers and adults from the age of 14-31 (and over) need about 310-360 mg of magnesium per day. http://www.webmd.com/diet/supplement-guide-magnesium#1
Magnesium is found in many foods and supplements to prevent high blood sugar. Also, taking magnesium supplements can help increase energy, ease muscle aches and migraines and can help your heart's health by working with calcium to support blood pressure levels. By eating foods containing magnesium, people will live healthier lives. https://draxe.com/magnesium-supplements/
Being a very important and useful metal, magnesium is used to build and craft many items such as flash bulbs on cameras, horseshoes, cameras, etc. Magnesium is a very lightweight metal and burns on a low temperatures. It also burns with a bright white light, which makes for a good flash bulb. Since magnesium becomes a malleable metal when it is heated, it is easy to create items out of it. http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele012.html
Osteoporosis is a common condition across America where the bone looses too much tissue that it becomes very brittle and fragile. Ingesting magnesium improves the firmness of bones since magnesium is essential to all living cells and having more magnesium keeps the bones stronger. Also, because magnesium is necessary in the bone to convert Vitamin D to an "active form so that it can turn on calcium absorption," not having enough magnesium in your body could really damage your bones and health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3775240/
Scientific Fact: Magnesium requires a specific extinguisher since carbon dioxide and nitrogen will just feed the fire. Magnesium burns both carbon dioxide and nitrogen. http://www.chemicool.com/elements/magnesium-facts.html
Fun Fact: About 13% of the Earth's mass comes from magnesium. That is enough magnesium to make a planet with the same mass as mars and three of Earth's moon. http://www.chemicool.com/elements/magnesium-facts.html