COUNTRY ASSIGNED: France
1.Introduction write out the history of the country. Some of these are a little long so you may summarize.
France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations. In January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper. It’s willingness to cooperate with other nations, particularly Germany, has helped unite europe in many meaningful ways, including the use of the euro.
2. Population and world ranking:
The metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 people (July 2016). It’s 0.41% (2016) growth rates, world ranking 166.
3. Economy/GDP world Ranking
Public finances lower than expected. $2,488trillion GDP. 11th in the world.
4. Unemployment rate and world ranking:
9.7% unemployment. 113th in world
5. Main Industries
Machinery, automobiles, electronics
6. Government Type – Provide a definition of the type that helps explain it.
Semi presidential republic. A semi presidential system is a system of government in which a president exists along with a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state.
8. Administrative divisions :
No official date of independence.
10. Information about their constitution
Amendments proposed by the president of the republic or by members of parliament
11. Give a description of their legal system.
Civil law; review of administration but not legislative acts
12. Suffrage (Voting Age)
18 years of age. universal
13. Executive Branch Some of these may not apply. a. Head of State/Chief of state b. Cabinet ,Elections. How they work? How often? How is power transferred due to illness or death of leader.
Chief : Francois Hollande.
Cabinet: council of ministers appointed by the president.
President directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term. Election last held on 22 April and 6 May 2012( next to be held in the spring of 2017): prime minister appointed by the president.
14. Legislative Branch a. Unicameral or Bicameral? b. Explain how it is organized? b. Elections. How often?
It is Bicameral.
It is made up of the Senate, and the National Assembly.
Members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years in the Senate. The members of the National Assembly serve 5-year terms.
15. Judicial Branch a. How is it organized? How are judges picked?
The Court of Cassation and The Constitutional Council are the two highest courts. The Court of Cassation consists of the court president, 6 divisional presiding judges, 120 trial judges, and 70 deputy judges organized into 6 divisions - 3 civil, 1 commercial, 1 labor, and 1 criminal). The Constitutional Council consists of 9 members. The subordinate courts are the appellate courts or Cour d'Appel, the regional courts or Tribunal de Grande Instance, and the first instance courts or Tribunal d'instance.
Court of Cassation judges are appointed by the president of the republic from nominations from the High Council of the Judiciary. Constitutional Council members are appointed, 3 by the president of the republic and 3 each by the National Assembly and Senate presidents.