Aristotle, one of three main Greek philosophers, including Plato and Socrates, laid the ground-work for all future western history and exploration.
Aristotle (384 B.C.E-322 B.C.E)
Aristotle was born in 384 B.C.E in Stagira, a city located in Macedonia, his father being Nicomachus and his mother Phaestis. Aristolte's father, Nicomachus, was a very important physician who practiced medicine and cures under the king Amynthas II. Phaestis on the other hand is known to have been a descendant of a founder who founded Stagira the same town Aristotle was born in.
However Aristotle's parents passed away never having the chance to fully educate Aristotle in the field of medicine being left in the hands of his older sister and her husband. Aristotle would stay with them until the age of seventeen when Aristotle would moved to Athens to continue his education.
Plato's Academy - Aristotle moved to Athens to continue his education at Plato's Academy.
Aristotle enrolled into Plato's Academy and became an amazing pupil that stay to become an instructor for the next 20 years. Although Aristotle and Plato had very unique ideas they did have one main difference between their philosophies. Plato believed that learning or gaining knowledge was from accepting and living by what was said or done. Aristotle on the other hand believed that to achieve accurate knowledge was from performing an experiment to provide the result. Aristotle's same philosophy would later be used by all future scientists we all know today as 'The scientific method'.
In 347 B.C.E Aristotle left the academy, the same year Plato died, and moved back to northern Macedonia.
Alexander(Left) being taught by Aristotle(right)
#1. Teaching a future leader
Once in Macedonia around 343 B.C.E King Philip II asked Aristotle to be his son's, Alexander the Great, personal tutor. King Philip II would trust Aristotle from the family history with his father, Nicomachus, who served his father as a medic. Being taught from the young age of 13, Alexander would learn anything from Politics to Poetry with high standards. Aristotle would teach a soon to be king who would go on to conquer Persia and Egypt and be known as one of history's greatest leaders and powerful rulers.
Aristotle grew to teach a leader and king, Alexander The Great, who took his father's throne at the age of twenty. While Alexander was being known as 'King of Asia' Aristotle returned to Athens.
Lyceum - Founded in 335 B.C.E by Aristotle
Once at Athens Aristotle began his own school known as Lyceum. Aristotle would teach his students while roaming around his school,Lyceum, with his students following. 'The Peripatetics' meaning 'walking around' was the name given to the students who followed Aristotle listening to his teachings.
Aristotle was intrigued by the study of animals
#2 Aristotle's contributions to Biology.
How do chickens develop? Does the environment affect the plants growing in that location? How do squids reproduce? How do we run a perfect society? While at the Lyceum Aristotle studied everything he could lay his hands on. Aristotle took his best interest on subjects like biology and how to run a society. Being one if the first pioneers in biology, Aristotle gave us the groundwork with the notes and observations left behind. He taught us the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates, how chickens evolved while still in their eggs, and classified dolphins and whales into cetaceans, a marine mammal, separating them from fish. He began dissecting and classifying animals based on their characteristics which were used for the next thousands of years until later were found very accurate for his time.
Meteorology - Earth Science
#3 Aristotle's contributions to Meteorology
Other then Biology Aristotle was also very interested in Meteorology or otherwise known as Earth Science. Traced back to Aristotle the first known scientist would describe 'the water cycle' to his students as he stated "all the affections we may call common to air and water, and the kinds and parts of the earth and the affections of its parts.Now the sun, moving as it does, sets up processes of change and becoming and decay, and by its agency the finest and sweetest water is every day carried up and is dissolved into vapour and rises to the upper region, where it is condensed again by the cold and so returns to the earth." Aristotle would also mention any other natural forces such as wind, earthquakes, thunder, rainbows and comets in his treatise of Meteorology.
#4 Treatises wriiten by Aristotle
Aristotle is said to have written over 200 treatises (books) over dozens of topics. Many of the treaties were written as lessons and notes that were used to teach at the Lyceum. Anything from biology to how politics should be run was written on to these same treaties.
- Parts of Animals
- History of Animals
- and even Breath
#5 Virtues - Our guidelines to life
Aristotle taught us the virtues we need to live and prosper including; Courage, Temperance, Liberality, Magnificence, Magnanimity, Pride, Patience, Truthfulness, Wittiness, Friendliness, and Modesty. Aristotle taught us that each virtue comes with an excess and a deficiency and that to become a better person we must stay in the middle.
In the end, If it weren't for Aristotle's genius ideas that revolutionized the world society would be thrown back to history with ourselves catching up to understand everything we lost in his work. Every future scientist and scholar would further their own work based off Aristotle's brilliant ideas for the next thousand years.