World's History Chapter 5 Vocab words

Emerge: to manifest, to rise from an obscure or inferior position or condition

Rigid: inflexible set of opinion

Welfare: something that aids or promotes well-being

Process: progress, advance; a series of actions or operations leading to an end

Hinduism: the major Indian religious system, which had its origins in the religious beliefs of the Aryans who settled in India after 1500b.c

Yoga: a method of training developed by the hindus that is supposed to lead to oneness with Brahman

Reincarnation: the rebirth of an individuals soul in a different form after death

Caste System: a set of rigid categories in ancient India that determined a persons occupation, as well as his or her position in society, based partly on skin color

Devote: to commit by solemn act

Nirvana: in Buddhism, ultimate reality, the end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul

Karma: in Hinduism, the force generated by a persons actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life

Dharma: in Hinduism, the divine law that rules karma; it requires all people to do their duty based on their status in society

pilgrim: a person who travels to a shrine or other holy place

Silk Roads: a route between the Roman Empire and China. so called because silk was China;s most valuable product

Varnas: the name given by Aryans in ancient India to a group of people in what was believed to be an ideal social structure of four groups

Buddhism: a religious doctrine introduced in northern India in the sixth century b.c. by Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One"

Conversion: the change from one belief or form to another

Vedar: the earliest known Indian literature, which contain religious chants and stories that were originally passed down orally from generation to generation and then recorded in sanskrit after writing developed


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