Birmingham Riots 1963, Birmingham, alabama

Many Civil Rights activists, including Martin Luther King, Jr., decided to target Birmingham, Alabama, the most segregated city in the South. King led various nonviolent demonstrations in the city, prompting the white leaders to agree on the "Birmingham Truce Agreement", promising partial desegregation and more rights for blacks. Once he left, the white broke leaders stopped enforcing the agreement and the city broke out into violent riots, including bombings, that killed many people.

Martin Luther King, Jr. and his brother, A.D. King, were in Birmingham before the riots began, but only A.D. King stayed long enough to see violence break out.

The bombings and riots left 6 dead and at least 20 people injured.

Martin Luther King, Jr. led a nonviolent demonstration before the riots, resulting in the mass arrest of black schoolchildren, sparking the ensuing riots.

After his nonviolent demonstration in Birmingham, Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested and sent to a jail in Birmingham. Without any leaders, there was nothing the black people could do to secure their rights. The local police started bombing parts of the town, including the residence of A.D. King. Violence broke out and the federal government had to step in to break up the fights.

This event was one of the crucial stepping stones leading up to the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Segregation has never been as bad as it was then and it still continues to get better.

The Birmingham Riots were similar to a Native American Rights Movement in the village of Wounded Knee. It was occupied by Native American Rights Activists in 1973 for 71 days, in which an armed standoff with the federal authorities caused many people to die and the land to be surrendered.

Similar to Birmingham, this movement was a big step in the American Indian Movement, inspiring others to fight for Native rights, but had no direct affects on legislation like Birmingham did.

Still, to this day, Native Americans are fighting for equal rights, especially the rights to their native land.

Works Cited

American Indian Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2017, from https://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/united-states-canada-and-greenland/north-american-indigenous-peoples/american-indian-movement

1963 Birmingham Church Bombing Fast Facts. (2016, August 03). Retrieved April 29, 2017, from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/13/us/1963-birmingham-church-bombing-fast-facts/?scrlybrkr=6c0999df

Wounded Knee. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2017, from https://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/places/united-states-canada-and-greenland/miscellaneous-us-geography/wounded-knee

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