Southern Africa Pages 377-396

Land forms and Bodies of waters

  • Southern Africa includes four independent islands.
  • South Africa claims twenty-five percent of the worlds countries in land forms.
  • Southern Africa is bordered by the Atlantic ocean on the west and the Indian ocean on the East.


  • Most of southern is covered by a sand covered plateau.
  • The great escarpment breaks down into several small ranges.
  • The outer edge of a plateau is called a escarpment.

Bodies of water

  • The orange river is southern Africa's second largest river.
  • Victoria falls is 1 mile and 350 ft wide and falls twice that.
  • A number of flat basins can be found in southern Africa

Which type of land form is common in southern Africa


Climate-Tropical Zone

  • The tropic of Capricorn crosses the middle of southern Africa.
  • Temperatures usually range from 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Climate-Temperate Zones

  • Parts of south Africa is very wet
  • Most of south Africa have temperate

Desert Regions

  • Fog and dew provide plants with water.
  • In highland areas it is generally warmer.

Why are temperatures in southern Africa's countries generally tropical not hot?

The high elevation makes temperatures cool.

What Natural Resources are found in southern Africa, and why are they important?

South Africa produce lots of diamonds, emeralds, and they are the largest producer of platinum in the world.

South Africa's Resorces

  • Southern Africa is largest producer of platinum.
  • Southern Africa also produces large amounts diamond and emerald.

Energy Resource

  • Most of southern Africa burn coal to add to their energy deposits
  • The regions other source of energy is hydroelectric energy.

Minerals and other resources

  • Namibia is one of South Africa's most mineral rich country.
  • Namibia is the worlds largest supplier of diamonds.


Poachers are a major problem in southern Africa(Poachers kill elephants for ivory).

How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region.

Deforestation can affect the energy supply by not being able to burn the wood but instead they are selling it all around the world.

History of southern Africa-Rise of the Kingdoms.

Great Zimbabwe

  • Great Zimbabwe was the largest of many similar cities throughout the region.
  • When the kingdoms were deserted the buildings collapsed and when the colonies returned they rebuilt the buildings with the remains.

The Mutapa Empire

  • The Portuguese arrived and took over the coastal trade in the 1500's.
  • In the late 1600's the Mutapa empire became allied with the Rowzie kingdom.

Other Kingdoms

  • The Zulu leader Shaka united his people in the early 1800's to form the Zulu empire in what is now south Africa
  • A series of kingdoms rose and fell in Madagascar during the 1600's - 1800's

European colonies

  • In the 1500's Portugal and many other colonies established new colonies on the African coast.

Clashes in south Africa

  • During the 1600's and 1800's Europeans set up trading posts, but never established colonies.

The union of south Africa

  • Wars in Europe gave Britain control of the cape colony in the early 1800's

Colonialism in other areas

  • European control lasted for about 80 years.

Which European country gained the most territory i southern Africa?

Great Britain

Independence and eqaul rights

  • French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960, making it the first southern African country to gain independence.

The end of Portuguese

  • While other European countries gave up their African colonies, Portugal refused to do so.

The Birth of Zimbabwe

  • The colony's white leaders had all control.

Equal rights in south africa

  • By the 1970's apartheid related events in south Africa had gained world attention.
  • In the 1995 the a truth and reconlition commission.
  • The ANC easily won the election in 1994.

Life in southern Africa

The people of the region

  • The population of south Africa is overwhelmingly black.

Population Patterns

  • Population depends heavily on geography and economics.
  • More than 2 million people live in small countries like Lesotho.
  • Only 20% of Africa's peoples live in cities

Ethnic and culture

  • Africans are not single people they have many religions.
  • Groups like tsonga chewa ambo and anilustrate still have African Cultures.
  • Most of Angola's culture is Botswana.

Religion and Langauges

  • Southern Africa still practice sacred religions and practices.
  • Portuguese remains the official language of Angola.

What is the main religion practiced in Southern Africa?


Life in Southern Africa

  • In Africa the country side differs a lot from the city.

Urban Life

  • Most south African cities only hold about 4.5 million people.

Urban growth and change

  • The region's cities have many ethnic groups and religions.
  • The rapid growth have strained people from public utilities.
  • Only 20% of south Africa's population live in houses.

Family and traditional life

  • Rural villages are often small only consisting of 20-30 people.
  • More and more men have been leaving their families to work in the city for better pay.

Where in there countries do most South African's live?

They usually live near the crossroads of other towns.

Southern Africa today

  • Southern Africa's mineral's and wildlife are key to Africa's future.

Health isues

  • Life expectancy in Africa is only 50-55 years.


  • A major cause of death of children and adults is HIV/aids.
  • 11 out of 14 people have HIV/aids.
  • Africa has the highest death rate of instant death.

Progress and Growth

  • Tourism is Africa's main source of income.
  • Oil is the second producer of Africa.

Help from other countries

  • The united states have helped the southern Africans a .
  • The united states have also paid off one of the Africans debts.

Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low.

Africa doesn't have as good of doctors as the United States.


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