Abolishment of Slavery
The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate and the House. President Abraham Lincoln approved the Joint Resolution of Congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. In 1863 President Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring "And I hereby call upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defense; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages." Unfortunately, the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation. Lincoln recognized that the Emancipation Proclamation would have to be followed by a constitutional amendment in order to guarantee the abolishment of slavery. In Roll Of Thunder Hear My Cry the author states “I am blessed to come from a family of storytellers, people who repeatedly told the history of our family from the days of slavery into my own childhood years. I am also blessed that my family had photographs of so many of the people who were important to that history. Another blessing was that several generations of my family grew up in the same house, the house my great-grandparents built on their own land in Mississippi at the turn of the twentieth century. My father and his brothers and sisters grew up in that house and although as adults they all moved to the North, each year they took their children back to that house, back to the family, back to the land.” (Taylor 11)
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America
Lynching means to kill someone without a fair trial. People who broke the Jim Crow laws, resisted the indignities, or for little or no reason, were lynched. An example from the book is when a black and white person meet up at the bridge the African American must pull back his car for the white person to pass.“But one day we’ll have to pay for it. Believe me,” she said, “one day we’ll pay."