As you've learned by now, the brain-stem is responsible for a lot of extremely important things, such as; heart and breathing rate, body temperature, balance and many other things essential to life.
If we damage any of these parts, then the actions associated with that part of the brain become impaired or functioning on a lesser capacity. In other words, damage the Medulla and your heart rate could be off or, perhaps, if severe enough, death may occur!
Wondering how you might damage this part of your brain?
One way could be a severe whiplash event where the head whips fiercely in any direction. This is why race car drivers wear neck protection! Also, there could be a hit to that particular area causing bruising or a laceration (a cut). So, when you're out and about doing whatever it is that you do, think safety and the potential consequences to your actions, they could be extremely damaging!
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