- While railroads changed the face of England, the textile industry became the forefront of change.
- Water power and coal drove the machines that created the cities.
- Workers realized that they had to unite in political action.
- The Reform bill of 1832 was the first step in extending the right to vote.
Out of Touch Monarchy
Workers assembled in a peaceful demonstration at St. Peter's field in Manchester, 1819. A calavary charge killed 11 people. This was called the Peterson massacre. George III son, Prince Regent had a nasty fight with his wife that was very public. The Regent became George IV and was succeeded by his brother William. Eventually the daughter Victoria was determined to restore morality and dignity to the throne and became queen and the symbol of an era.