Romanticism Aint nothing romantic about it.

Setting Up The Scene...

  • During the Romantic period, all attitudes of classicism and rationalism in the 18th century were challenged by social and political upheavals.
  • The French Revolution, which began on July 14, 1789, shook the established order in the name of democratic ideals.
  • British authorities killed a number of peaceful protests to repress workers efforts to organize.
  • The Industrial Revolution boosted the growth of manufacturing but brought poverty for those who work or struggling to find work.
  • For many of them, faith in science and reason no longer applied in a world of tyranny and factories.

The Romantic Period

  • 1798-1832
  • For the first half England Was at War with France
  • Back in England the urbanization was growing
  • Also period of industrialization
  • Demands for reform
  • Monarchy was succeed by 18 year old Victoria

English Victories Over Napoleon


In 1793 Revolutionary France was led by the infamous Napoleon Bonaparte who declared war on Britain in 1793.

During the war Lord Horatio Nelson defeated the French fleet at sea at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. He died after being triumphant.

Battle at Trafalgar

On land the duke of Wellington defeated Napoleons at Waterloo in 1815

Battle at Waterloo

After the brave victory of the English they congregated at a conference known as the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) to bring Europe back to its original beauty

Congress of Vienna

Industrialization and Urbanization

  • While railroads changed the face of England, the textile industry became the forefront of change.
  • Water power and coal drove the machines that created the cities.
  • Workers realized that they had to unite in political action.
  • The Reform bill of 1832 was the first step in extending the right to vote.

Out of Touch Monarchy

King George V

Workers assembled in a peaceful demonstration at St. Peter's field in Manchester, 1819. A calavary charge killed 11 people. This was called the Peterson massacre. George III son, Prince Regent had a nasty fight with his wife that was very public. The Regent became George IV and was succeeded by his brother William. Eventually the daughter Victoria was determined to restore morality and dignity to the throne and became queen and the symbol of an era.

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