History of Personality Types
The sixteen personality types which we use in our assessment are based on the well-known research of Carl Jung, Katharine C. Briggs, and Isabel Briggs Myers. Carl Jung first developed the theory that individuals each had a psychological type. He believed that there were two basic kinds of "functions" which humans used in their lives: how we take in information (how we "perceive" things), and how we make decisions.
He believed that within these two categories, there were two opposite ways of functioning. We can perceive information via 1) our senses, or 2) our intuition. We can make decisions based on 1) objective logic, or 2) subjective feelings. Jung believed that we all use these four functions in our lives, but that each individual uses the different functions with a varying amount of success and frequency. He believed that we could identify an order of preference for these functions within individuals.
The function which someone uses most frequently is their "dominant" function. The dominant function is supported by an auxiliary (2nd) function, tertiary (3rd) function, and inferior (4th) function. He asserted that individuals either "extraverted" or "introverted" their dominant function. He felt that the dominant function was so important, that it overshadowed all of the other functions in terms of defining personality type.
Katharine Briggs expounded upon Jung's work, quietly working on her own to develop his theories further. But it was Katharine's daughter Isabel who was really responsible for making the work on Personality Types visible.
Isabel, using her mother's work and Jung's work, asserted the importance of the auxiliary function working with the dominant function in defining Personality Type. While incorporating the auxiliary function into the picture, it became apparent that there was another distinctive preference which hadn't been defined by Jung: Judging and Perceiving.
Recommended Learning Activities
We encourage students to watch and complete the worksheet for the following video – An Introduction to the Myer-Briggs test. Please note, the video incorrectly states that Isabel Briggs Myers is Katherine Brigg’s daughter in law – when in fact she is her daughter.
Myer-Briggs Video | 5:23 mins
To learn more about your own personality we recommend that you undertake a test to determine your type. The following Myer-Briggs test enables you to explore your personality type, so please click on the link, complete the test and later reflect on the results in your e-portfolio. Alternatively, there are additional options with links to other tests that have been included so students may choose.
Alternative Myer Briggs Tests (Free):
Please remember to record your personality type in your e-portfolio and reflect on what it means for you and your learning journey (You can do this as part of your blog on your home page for example). For more information on how your personality style impacts or affects learning, you can watch the following video which may assist you in completing your reflection. The video provides useful information on how you might use your personality style to be more productive in your learning.
The following video is on Myers-Briggs and Productivity | 6:02 mins
The section below also outlines the link between personality types and learning styles.
Linking Personality Types and Learning Styles
There is a close relationship between a learner’s personality and their learning style. A learner’s personality determines the ways a learner controls their emotions and feelings during the learning process. According to Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) an instrument widely used to discover the learning preferences of individuals, there are four different personality types of learners. Each of them differ in their learning style and have a different approach towards learning.
Let’s look at the personality types of learners and their effect on learning below.