The Fight For Women's Equality How women around the world have reacted to a constant oppression

Glossary

Legislature: an assembly with the authority to make laws for a place such as a country or city.

Reproductive rights: Includes abortion laws, contraception regulations, and insurance policies.

The Paycheck Fairness Act: a proposed US labor law that would add protections to the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Fair Labor Standards Act as part of an effort to address the gender pay gap in the United States.

Perceptible: able to be seen or noticed.

Gestation: being carried in the womb between conception and birth.

Down's syndrome: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21.

How is the issue of women's equality seen in today's modern society?

The fight for equality among women has gained a lot of attention around the world because of the protests that are bringing awareness to these issues. One of the issues includes the problems occurring in the US about reproductive rights for women. Author Andrew Cumon from CNN stated, “We are entering a new political era in which women across the country may feel that their reproductive rights will be threatened.” This means that women may not have full control over their bodies, which has been causing anger among groups of women and feminists. This lack of rights and perceptible change for women has led to protests such as the women's march. On a global scale, according to Karin Agness, “more than 60% of women in India, Nepal, and Pakistan don’t participate in politics because of fear of violence.” This means that when events that limit the rights of women occur, protests often are a response women take to counter any threats against women. Worldwide there is a present inequality among men and women. This is something that is an issue in the modern day, resulting in fear and violence, combated with protests and support for the women's rights movement. Since this issue has received the attention of many, there has been initiatives to help combat the oppression against women.

In this video, you see a speech at the women's march. It portrays a woman's opinion on problems within the government especially regarding Donald Trump.

What has been done about the inequality between men and women?

There have been initiatives over the years to create fairness between men and women. Many of which focus on the persistent pay gap that continues to create an inequality between men and women in the workplace. Different acts have been established by the government to decrease the inequality. According to Kevin Miller from the AAUW, “The Paycheck Fairness Act would improve the scope of the Equal Pay Act, which hasn’t been updated since 1963, with stronger incentives for employers to follow the law, enhance federal enforcement efforts, and prohibit retaliation against workers asking about wage practices”. Along with creating legislation, efforts have been shown by the government to address these issues of inequality. According to Nora Caley, “states such as New Mexico and Wisconsin have provided the tools for businesses to look at their own systems and maybe address and identify any gaps for women and men performing the same work”. This means that there is some awareness about women's inequality and actions are being taken to reduce this problem. This is still a significant problem in today's society and requires more initiative to create a balance between the equality of men and women. Although things have been done, issues in todays society still occur which cause women to respond in many different ways.

What are women's response to the inequality that exists between men and women?

There has been many different responses to issues related to women's rights in the media. Such problems spark controversy and help the issue become more public. According to Andrew Cuomo who writes for CNN, “Thousands of women are gathered to march in New York, Washington, Chicago and elsewhere; state legislatures can act knowing they have the support of their female constituents who are demanding equality now”. As this issue gets more attention and support, it becomes a more prominent issue. State legislature then provides solutions to these issues to receive the support of the thousands of followers. To add onto this, women will support government officials who support the fight for equality. According to Karin Agness from Forbes Magazine, “Americans are gearing up for another divisive campaign. The plight of women around the world should make politicians who want to use the narrative of a ‘ war on women’ in America as a tool to win votes pause.” This means that in order to win votes, supporting women can help to do so. In other words, by women gathering and making this issue public, more can be done about on a government wide level. Hopefully this can help decrease the amount of inequality between men and women in today's society. Women have created a voice for themselves, which has been heard by the government who has impact and control over many women related issues.

What control does the government have over abortion rights?

The government plays a role in the modern day issues of women's rights. A popular issue is the abortion rights a woman has. According to Elisabeth Kalbfuss of The Gazette, “The Supreme Court ruling was quick to defend a woman's right to terminate a pregnancy in its early stages... but the court also recognized that it might be desirable to have some legislated controls to protect the fetus in the later stages.” This means that the government has control of the decision that pregnant women strive to have themselves. The government has also been able to provide more opportunity to women. Andrew Cuomo stated, “The state will ensure that... contraceptives are available in amounts exceeding one month's supply at a time; and that all medically necessary abortion services are covered by commercial health insurance policies without co-pays, coinsurance or deductibles.” This shows that the government has made actions to provide benefit to women. When legislature supports groups of women, it can provide them with votes and support in return. These are ways the government plays a role in the modern day issues women receive and try to combat. The future gets impacted for the women's right movement for many different reasons.

What will be seen in the future for the modern fight for women's rights

There are many different ways the future of the fight for women's rights could go. Some of them, being more negative, point out the societal flaws that disregard equality among men and women. Co founder/chief people officer Ingrid Alongi stated, “There is a perception or bias that women are providing less value. Jobs that embody traditional female qualities, such as caretaking, are generally jobs that pay less overall”. This inequality stays present in society, and is something that will need attention and effort to diminish. Opposite from this, good changes could occur in the future. There are initiatives companies have recently been taking that show progress with decreasing inequality. Author Kevin Miller said, “While some CEOs have been vocal in their commitment to paying workers fairly, American women can’t wait for trickle-down change. AAUW urges companies to conduct salary audits to proactively monitor and address gender-based pay differences. It’s just good business”. This is a way that the fight for women's rights will continue to produce positive outcomes. There are many ways the future of the fight for women could go, including either a more traditional outcome or a positive and progressive outcome.

Works Cited

Agness, Karin. “The women’s issues we should care about in 2016”. Forbes magazine, 14 December 2014, http://www.forbes.com/sites/karinagness/2015/12/14/the-womens-issues-we-should-care-about-in-2016/#6b3dae97b15d. Accessed on 30 January 2017.

Caley, Nora. “Women and the Persistent Pay Gap.” ColoradoBiz, 1 July 2016, http://web.b.ebscohost.com/src_ic/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=2b8fa832-77dd-4747-a643-94fbe97ab657%40sessionmgr103&hid=130. Accessed on 31 January 2017.

Cuomo, Andrew. “States, use your power to protect women's rights.” CNN, 21 January 2017, http://www.cnn.com/2017/01/21/opinions/states-use-power-to-protect-women-cuomo/?scrlybrkr=c0fb9731\. Accessed 31 January 2017.

ELISABETH KALBFUSS of The Gazette. "Abortion Law: Starting Over; Women's Rights Vs. Rights of Fetus must be Decided." The Gazette, Feb 13 1988, pp. B4.ProQuest Newsstand, https://search.proquest.com/docview/431586977?accountid=42214.

“Infographic: Gender Equality - Where are we Today?” UN Women, 25 September2015, http://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/multimedia/2015/9/infographic-gender-equality-where-are-we-today. Accessed on 31 January 2017.

Miller, Kevin. “The simple truth about the gender pay gap”. AAUW, n.d., http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/. Accessed 30 January 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by alans1948 - "womens-march-07796" • Leader Nancy Pelosi - "Congresswoman Pelosi at the National Committee on Pay Equity" • Guido van Nispen - "L1003135-Edit" • Sarah Mirk - "planned parenthood supporters" • Guido van Nispen - "L1003102-Edit"

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