HOW TO HEAL THE WORLD irene llamas

VOCABULARY: containers, quantities and the environment

  1. A bar of chocolate: una barra de chocolate
  2. A carton of juice: un cartón de zumo
  3. A tube of margarine: bote de margarina
  4. A roll of toilet paper: rollo de papel de baño
  5. A box of washing powder: una caja de detergente en polvo
  6. A bag of apples: una bolsa de manzanas
  7. A can of frizzy drink: una lata de refresco
  8. A tub toothpaste: un tubo de pasta de dientes
  9. A kilo of cheese: un kilo de queso
  10. A bottle of water: una botella de agua
  11. A strawberry ice cream: un helado de fresa
  12. A tube of hair gel: un bote de gel
  13. A tin of tuna:una lata de atún
  14. A bottle of champagne: una botella de champán
  15. A packet of crips: un paquete de papas
  16. Plastic bag: bolsa de plástico
  17. Computer game: video juegos
  18. Film star: estrella de cine
  19. Math exam: examen de matemáticas
  20. Cheese sandwich:sandwich de queso
  21. Electric light: luz eléctrica
  22. Unhealthy: enfermo
  23. Environment:medio ambiente
  24. Dangerous: peligroso
  25. Crowded:abarrotado
  26. Friendly: amigable
  27. Big:grande
  28. Polluted:contaminar
  29. Busy:ocupado
  30. Noisy:ruidoso
  31. Interested: interesante
  32. Important:importante
  33. Dirty:sucio
  34. Clean:limpio
  35. Bad:mal
  36. Responsible:responsable

GRAMMAR:

Comparative adjectives
  • Are fowled by than
  • We use the comparatives to compare two or more things or people. Example:
  • I taller than you.
  • Dogs are bigger than cats.
  • We use quantifiers like a bit a lot and much with comparatives to express the degree of difference.Example:
  • Dad,s a bit older than Mum. I,m much older than you.
  • We can also make comparisons like this.Example:
  • Annie isn´t as old as Ben.
  • We can say that two things or people are the same.Example:
  • Vegetables as healthy as fruit.
Superlative adjective
  • Are preceded by the
  • We use superlatives to say that a thing or person has the most of quality compared to everything in that group.Example:
  • Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  • What the most valuable thing you own?
  • In English we usually use the preposition in,not of,after a superlative.Example:
  • Joe´s the tallest in our class.
Defining relative clauses
  • Relative pronouns introduce a relative clause. We use defining relative clauses to help identify people, things or places.Example:
  • I love the present which gave me.
  • That´s the hotel where we stayed on holiday.
  • We can use that instead of which or who.
  • !We can often omit which/that or who/that, but NOT when the relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause.Example:
  • That,s the car (which/that) my aunt bought.
  • BUT That´s car which/that makes a lot of noise.
  • Annie is a girl (Who/that)I walk to school with.
  • BUT Annie´s a girl who/that lives in our street.
Much, many and a lots of/a lot of
  • We use much( with uncountable nouns) and many (with countable nouns) in negative sentences and questions.Example:
  • There isn´t much milk.
  • Have you got much money?
  • There aren´t many students.
  • Are there many eggs?
  • We use How much ( with uncountable nouns) and How many ( with countable nouns), to ask specific questions about quantity.Example:
  • How much tea is there?
  • How many people live here?
  • We use a lot of/a lots of in positive sentences and questions with countable and uncountable nouns the meaning is the same.Example:
  • There´s a lot of coffee left.
  • Have you got a lot of work?
  • We use a little (with uncountable nouns) and a few (with countable nouns), most commonly in positive sentences.Example:
  • I only want a little money.
  • I´ve got a few good friends.

WRITING

The environment:
  • We all are aware of the need to protect the environment. Despite this, not many of us are really taking steps to reduce our impact on the planet, we’re mostly too busy or too lazy to put up big change that would improve our lifestyle and save the environment. As individuals, we may help our environment and help in reducing pollution by paying attention to some important points in our daily life.
  • We should utilize the electricity effectively and wisely to help the government. Turning lights off when we’re not in the room can save a lot of energy. Also, we can only use the air conditioning or heater when necessary.
  • Vehicles is one of the major source of air pollution. Using public transportation, walking and biking are all great ways to clean the air.
  • Packaging is a big problem for the environment because once the product is open we don’t need it and it’s thrown out or recycled. So we can avoid buying products that have a lot of paper and plastic around them.
  • Planting trees is a must if we want to save our planet. Trees not only remove chemicals from the soil, but also help reduce causes of the global warming.
  • It’s time to take action to protect our environment by making simple lifestyle changes.

The end

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Irene Llamas
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Created with images by RCabanilla - "fourteen ; respect the enviroment"

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