Rule of Thirds
Symmetry and Patterns
Close Up Perspective
Black and White Portrait
I like the intricate details of the gears of the bike.
I like the leading lines and the pattern on the bar things with the iron wire.
I like the family of ducks and how they are all together, and swimming peacefully.
Photography Composition Rules
Rule of Thirds- when you have 2 horizontal lines and 2 vertical lines on your photo that form a grid.You place your subject on of these lines or where the line cross.
Balancing Elements- when you use the rule of thirds, there may be an empty space in the background of your shot.So to fix that problem, you place another subject that has less focus, but helps balance the elements in your picture.
Leading Lines- when you place leading lines in your picture, the viewer will follow the leading lines in your picture to the subject or a specific place in your picture, like the vanish point.
Symmetry and Patterns- when you use repeated elements in you picture, that is a pattern.When one side of you picture mirrors the other, that is symmetry.When you use these composition rules, it brings a visual sense of rhythm to the picture.
Viewpoint- the viewpoint of the picture is from where you took the picture.The viewpoint can affect the story the picture tells or the message it gives out.
Background- sometimes when you take a picture, the background is too busy and takes focus off of the subject.To solve this problem, you can find a plain background that doesn't take attention off your subject.
Depth- even though photography is 2 dimensional, you can make it seem 3 dimensional by placing objects in the foreground, middle, and background of your picture.Overlapping also helps make your picture appear 3 dimensional.
Framing- when you use objects in your picture to frame your subject.This leads the viewers eye to the focal point of the picture.
Cropping- when your subject is lost in your picture because of too much clutter, you should crop it so that more attention is on your subject.
Experimentation- with digital cameras and new technology, we don't have to worry about not having enough pictures.So when you take many pictures you can experiment with new techniques.
Careers In Photography
Most photographers are self-employed and work on a contract basis.There are three types of photographers: commercial, fine arts, and photojournalist.In commercial photography, the photographer takes pictures of subjects such as: architecture, people, products, events and nature.Their work is published in magazines, catalogs, ads, and other marketing.Photojournalists, take pictures of world events, sporting, events, political events, and more, for news coverage.Fine arts photographers take pictures so that they are seen in fine arts galleries and exhibits.The biggest challenge they face is not being able to promote their work.They can also have grants that they use to pursue their personal projects.
Here are a few photography jobs:
Wildlife Photographer- they take pictures of wildlife in their natural habitat, this might require hiding or staking out to get a good picture.This is a type of commercial photography.
War Photographer -they document wars using pictures.It is a very dangerous job, because you are in the middle of a war zone and there isn't many places you can be safe around war zones.This is a type of photojournalist.
Stock Photographer-they take pictures and sell them to stock agencies.The stock agencies release them as stock pictures.You don't get much money for pictures so you have to take many pictures and sell them to make a livable wage.This is a type of commercial photographer.
Fashion Photographer-they take pictures of clothes, fashions, and ads for clothes and fashion.You need to have good contacts so you can take pictures and release them.