At the beginning of the 1930s, more than 15 million Americans–fully one-quarter of all wage-earning workers–were unemployed.
In 1932 they elected F.D. Roosevelt as their President
During the Depression, most people did not have much money to spare. However, most people did have radios–and listening to the radio was free.
First, he shored up the nation’s banks. Then he began to propose more comprehensive reforms. By June, Roosevelt and Congress had passed 15 major laws–including the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the Glass-Steagall Banking Bill, the Home Owners’ Loan Act, the Tennessee Valley Authority Act and the National Industrial Recovery Act–that fundamentally reshaped many aspects of the American economy.
In the spring of 1935, he launched a second, more aggressive set of federal programs, sometimes called the Second New Deal. The Works Progress Administration provided jobs for unemployed people and built new public works like bridges, post offices, schools, highways and parks.
By the end of the 1930s, the New Deal had come to an end. Growing Congressional opposition made it difficult for President Roosevelt to introduce new programs. At the same time, as the threat of war loomed on the horizon, the president turned his attention away from domestic politics. In December 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the U.S. entered World War II. The war effort stimulated American industry and the Great Depression was over.