Cattle breeds

Shorthorn

Dual purpose

Shorthorn cattle are coloured red, white, or roan

The shorthorn breed originated from the North East of England in the 18th century. They developed from Teeswater and Durham cattle. Some shorthorns have a genetic defect called tibial hemimelia which causes severe birth defects. Like a twisted hind leg or fused joints.

Shorthorn cattle were used for both meat and dairy production. Eventually the two different lines separated giving to different kinds of shorthorn cattle. Shorthorns are great because when bred with other breeds the birthing is much easier and have high fertility rates.

The Belgian blue

Beef cattle

The double-muscling phenotype is a heritable condition resulting in an increased number of muscle fibers

The Belgian Blue's extremely lean, hyper-sculpted, ultra-muscular physique is termed, "double-muscling". It originated from upper Belgium in the 19th century. They are used as beef cattle because they covert feed into muscle and fat much easier then other cattle due a mutation in the myostatin gene which stop the growth of muscle.

The brown Swiss

Dairy cattle

Has the second-highest annual milk yield, over 9,000 kg (20,000 lb) per annum

The brown Swiss is a North American breed of cattle, it comes from the Alps in Switzerland. Their milk is great for the making of cheese due to the butterfat and protein in their milk.

The brown Swiss is known for their immense size, large furry ears, and a very docile temperament. Plus they can sustain with little care and feed making them great cattle to have. They are heat and cold resistance unlike most other cattle making it even better for people just get into the cattle business.

The Highland

Heritage cattle

Due to crossbreeding there is now only one type of highland cattle

Highland cattle are from Scotland they have long horns, and long wavy coats. They originated in the highlands and West isles of Scotland. They were first mentioned in the 6th century AD. The first herd book described two distinct types of Highland cattle but there remains only one.

They are used mostly for meat because they have a very high quality meat. And there long hair helps them survive harsh winters, and they have a double coat adding even more protection.

Created By
Jacinda Hodgerney
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