Continuous body-a legislative body, such as the U.S. Senate, that achieves stability by staggering the terms of its members to prevent more than a minority of seats from changing in a single election.
Implied Powers- grants Congress a set of so-called implied powers—that is, powers not explicitly named in the Constitution but assumed to exist due to their being necessary to implement
Direct Tax-a tax, such as income tax, that is levied on the income or profits of the person who pays it, rather than on goods or services.
Bankruptcy-the state of being bankrupt.
Necessary and Proper Clause-To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers
Perjury-the offense of willfully telling an untruth in a court after having taken an oath or affirmation.
Speaker of the House-the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives
Party caucus-a meeting, whether regular or specially called, of all party members in the House.
Standing committe-a permanent committee that meets regularly.
Select committee-a small legislative committee appointed for a special purpose.
Bill-an amount of money owed for goods supplied or services rendered, set out in a printed or written statement of charges.
Concurrent resolution-a resolution adopted by both houses of a legislative assembly that does not require the signature of the chief executive and that does not have the force of law.
Discharge petition-bringing a bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration without a report from the committee
Quorum-the minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at any of its meetings to make the proceedings of that meeting valid.
Filibuster-an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures
Veto-a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body
Constituency-a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body.
Inherent Powers-powers that Congress and the president need in order to get the job done right.
Indirect Tax-a tax collected by an intermediary
Naturalization-the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills the requirements established by Congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act
Eminent domain-the right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
Censure-express severe disapproval of (someone or something), typically in a formal statement.
President Pro tempore-a high-ranking senator of the majority party who presides over the US Senate in the absence of the vice president.
Floor leader-the leader of a party in a legislative assembly.
Conference committee-committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill
Joint resolution-a resolution passed by both the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Resolution-a firm decision to do or not to do something
Committee of the Whole-committee of the House on which all Representatives serve and which meets in the House Chamber for the consideration of measures from the Union calendar.
Engrossed-having all one's attention or interest absorbed by someone or something.
Cloture-a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote
Pocket Veto-an indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session.
Expressed Powers-sometimes called delegated powers or enumerated powers
Commerce power-power of Congress to regulate foreign commerce, interstate commerce, and commerce with Native American tribes in the U.S.
Copyright-the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same
Impeach-call into question the integrity or validity of (a practice).
Acquit-free from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.
Subpoena-a writ ordering a person to attend a court.