With such actions, Brazil begins to integrate the South-South cooperation model, in which developing countries in the Southern Hemisphere share solutions to problems they have in common. According to economist Leonardo Bichara Rocha, director of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Brazil, the country has the responsibility to lead the debate and dialogue in this cooperation.
"We have to hand on successful experiences to other countries, to federal government agencies and to set joint rural development goals with other multilateral institutions", Rocha says.
According to Jeff Terry, Amway's global social responsibility leader, a multinational food and health care company, this cooperation strengthens the countries. "Though there remains higher volatility in economies in the South, the rise of stronger middle classes in more countries is and will continue to bring stronger and more stable economies", he says. According to him, therefore, the socio-economic opportunities and partnerships between countries in the South will grow in the future.
Partnerships between the public and private sectors with the civil society are also seen as exemplary. For Terry, all sectors need to bring their knowledge to systemic approaches in order to solve problems.
"A primary focus needs to be trust-building between the sectors so that resources to be used across the sectors to achieve mutually agreed upon objectives for hunger and malnutrition reduction and improved health", he says.
He cites the work of Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN), which combines private sector, civil society, large donors and government to address hunger challenges around the world. "It is not a perfect model, but it allows for all these sectors to work collaboratively together and to align around country-level goals and objectives."
International interest in the Brazilian model motivated IFAD to choose Brasilia as one of the three cooperation centers in the area of small and medium-scale agriculture. The United Nations' agency was created in Rome in 1978 to reduce poverty in the countryside. The other headquarters are in Ethiopia and in China.
With the inauguration of the new office, Brazil will be the only country to have two offices of the organization - the first is in Salvador and coordinates operations in seven states in the Northeast, where the agency serves 400,000 families.
"Brasília will be an international hub for cooperation and knowledge management in family agriculture and rural development", says Italian economist Paolo Silvestri, coordinator of Latin America and Caribbean region and responsible for Brazil at IFAD.
Paolo Silvestri, coordinator of the Latin American and Caribbean regions of Ifad in Rome. Photo: Paulo Beraldo / De Olho no Campo
According to Silvestri, this UN agency is unique because it can reach places "where no one arrives" with economically productive and sustainable proposals. "A desert territory, without future and hope, can, with the actions of Ifad and with local forces, transform the situation of poverty into a latent wealth," he explains.
The economist says that the poor regions have many people in disposition, but without the resources and tools to go beyond. "When you can develop human capacities and put financial resources at the disposal, the multiplier effect is impressive." According to the expert, many regions, such as the Northeast, the region most affected by poverty in the country, only need a catalyst to generate a positive reaction . "And Ifad is that catalyst," he says.
According to the North American Ronald Hartman, leader of the Southeast Asia and Pacific regions, Ifad is able to support the 500 million small farmers around the world in actions such as facilitating access to credit, creating organizations and obtaining insurance agricultural activities. "Many people in the countryside are not organized into cooperatives or associations. Together, they can have a stronger voice and get more support locally", says.
For Ashwani Muthoo, the director of global strategies, Brazil is attractive for the capacity of producing and exporting technologies created for small-scale agriculture and the techniques of adaptation to tropical conditions.