The Black Lives Matter movement began as a hashtag on social media by Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi in 2013 after George Zimmerman, the man who shot and killed Trayvon Martin, was acquitted.
The thin blue line symbol that signifies the Blue Lives Matter movement has a history that goes back to the Crimean War.
In 1854, the British army held off an attack by Russian cavalry, and the act was referred to as the 'thin red line' because of the color of their uniforms.
The phrase 'thin blue line' was first used in a poem in the early 20th century as a reference to blue US Army uniforms.
In the 1950s and 60s, Chief William Parker of LAPD used the 'thin blue line' phrase to refer to his police department -- as the only thing between law and order and social and civil anarchy.
Chief Parker relied on racist, militaristic tactics to 'clean up' Los Angeles, and engendered an us-against-them mentality in LAPD officers.
The phrase became further popularized by police departments in 1988 from the documentary film The Thin Blue Line about the murder of a Dallas police officer.
In 2014, after the homicides of two NYPD officers, Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu, which are thought to be in retaliation for the deaths of Eric Garner and Michael Brown, the image of a black and white American flag with a thin blue line became emblematic of the Blue Lives Matter movement.
The emblem and slogan were created in direct opposition to Black Lives Matter.
Black Lives Matter is an inclusive movement that actively fights against institutionalized racism.
Neither Blue Lives Matter nor the Blue Lives Matter flag existed before 2014, when Black Lives Matter began gaining national attention.
Blue Lives Matter causes harm to people of color. It's time we set the record straight.
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