The Beat Generation or Movement is a literary movement that was started by a group of authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post World War Two era. A bulk of their work came during the 1950s and 1960s.
The Beat Generations authors dealt with topics of sex, psychedelic drugs, and the human condition. Beat poets were often critical of traditional America and "traditional" American values. They also liked to explore religion and spirituality in their writing. Especially Eastern religions.
The two most famous Beat Generation authors were Jack Kerouac and Allen Gingsberg.
Allen Ginsberg wrote such works as "Howl", "Kaddish"' and "The Fall of America."
The Beat Generation was met with a lot of pushback and a large lack of understanding from people. Because the Beats pushed the boundaries on taboo subjects such as religion, drug use, sex, capitialism, and American Values a lot of people dismissed them. They were truly a counter cultural group of this time period.