Manifest Destiny pages 345-367

Rivalry In the Northwest

1. In the early 1800's, four nations claimed the vast, rugged land known as the Oregon country.

2. It included all of what are now Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, plus parts of Montana and Wyoming.

Adams-ONis treaty

1. In 1819 Secretary of State John Quincy Adams got Spain to approve the Adams Onis-Treaty.

2. In 1818 Adams worked out an agreement with Britain for joint occupation.

Mountain Men In oregon

1. Fur traders had been first Americans to take up the challenge of living in the Oregon Country.

2. At first the fur traders traded with the Native American. Gradually others joined the trade.

3. Over time the Mountain Men could no longer make money from the fur trade.

"What did america gain from the Adams-onis treaty"

1. "They gained acces to the Pacific ocean."

Oregon and Manifest destiny

1.In the 1830's, Americans began traveling to the Oregon Country to settle.

2. Econimic troubles in the East and reports of Oregon's fertile land drew many people.

Along the oregon trail

1.The Whitman massacre was a shocking event, but it did little to stop the flood of pioneers on their way to Oregon.

2. In 1843 about a thousand emigrants made the journey.

america seeks its destiny journey

1.Many believed that the nation's mission was to spread freedom by settling the entire continent

2. O'Sullivan meant that the United States was clearly destined-set apart for a special purpose-by God to extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

how did Polk's views differ from clay's in the 1844 election

Polk was for the belief that the Oregon country should be theirs but Clay was not set on a side.

Lesson 2

How did Florida become a state

Spain transferred Florida to the United States .


1. Spain transferred Florida to the United States on July 17, 1821.

2. Tallahassee became the territorial capital in 1824.

3. Many planters from Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolina's had worn out their soil with years of heavy use.

the territory grows

1.In 1837 the census for the territory o Florida reported that 48,000 people lived there.

2. Florida voters chose 56 people to attend the constitutional convention in St. Joseph, a small port city on the Gulf Coast.

statehood for florida

1. Florida became the twenty-seventh state in the United States on March 3, 1845.

what caused the population of florida to grow

1/4 of the population of Florida was enslaved people.


1.In 1821 Mexico got its independence from Spain.

2. At first Mexico encouraged Americans to settle in Mexico.

3. In 1835 the conflict grew violent.

the alamo

1.The Texans had Only about 180 soldiers to take on Santa Anna's army of several thousand.

2. " Remember the Alamo."

3. For 13 long days, through several attacks, the defenders of the Alamo kept Santa Anna's army at bay with rifle fire.

texas declares its independance

1. Sam Houston gathered an army of about 900 at San Jacinto near the site of present day Houston.

2. On March 2, 1836 four days before the fall of the Alamo they declared independence from Mexico.

The Lone star republic

1.In September 1836, Texans elected Sam Houston as their president.

2. Mirabeau Lamar, who had fought at the Battle of San Jacinto, served as vice president.

texas becomes a state

1.Southerners favored Texas annexation, but Northerners opposed admitting another slave state to the Union.

2. The situation changed with the 1844 presidential campaign.

Why did it take a long time for the united states to annex texas

It would have unbalanced slave states to non slave states.

Lesson 3

How did the santa fe trail benefit the new mexico

It allowed a alternative to avoid the sand hills which were extremely dangerous.

The new mexico territory

1.In the early 1800s, the land called New Mexico was a vast region between the Texas and California territories.

2. Mexico including New Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821.

3. Becknell's route came to be known as the Santa Fe Trail.

how did william becknell influence the american settlement of new mexico

Becknell made the Santa Fe Trail and it made it easier to get to New Mexico.

California's Spanish Culture

1. Spanish explorers and missionaries from Mexico settled California in the 1700's.

2. the missions aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity and the Spanish way of life.

Conflict begins

1. After Mexico wouldn't sell the land Polk planned to take it from Mexico through war.

2. Polk sent a representative to Mexico to propose a deal John Sidell.

3. To bring pressure, Polk ordered General Zachary Taylor to lead U.S. forces into the disputed area on the Rio Grande.

A war plan

1. Polk planned to defeat Mexico by accomplishing three goals.

2. By 1847, Zachary Taylor had accomplished the first goal.

California's uprising

1. Even before war with Mexico officially began, American settlers in northern California had begun an uprising.

2. The settlers had little trouble overcoming the weak official Mexican presence in the territory.

peace terms

1. Defeated on February 2, 1848, Mexico's leaders signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

2. Mexico gave the United states more than 500,000 square miles of territory.

what did america gain from the Mexican war

1. They gained 500,000 square miles of territory.

Lesson 4

How did the discovery of gold help california

1. It caused people to flood into the state from all over the world.

california gold rush

1. When gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in 1848, people from all over the world traveled to California in search of riches.

2. Americans made up about 80 percent of the forty-niners.


1.The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war with Mexico and made Californios-Mexicans living in California citizens of the United states.

The life of a forty niner

1. As people rushed to a new area to look for gold, they built new communities.

2. Cities also flourished during the Gold Rush.

Gold rush society

1.Mining camps contained men of all backgrounds but few women.

Econimic and political progress

1. In 1849, Californians applied for statehood and wrote a constitution.

how did the c alifornia gold rush lead to the expansion of cities

The people looking for gold started to come in looking for gold and so the cities had to expand to be able to hold more people.

A religious refuge in utah

1. While the Gold Rush was transforming California, change was also taking place in nearby Utah.

The mormons move

1. The church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was among a number of religious movements that sprang up during the religious awakening of the 1830s and 1840s.

2. Smith published The Book of Mormon that year announcing that it was a translation of words written on golden plates that he had received from an angel.

3. Smith formed a community in New York, but neighbors disapproved of the Mormons' religion and forced them to move.


Created with images by The National Infantry Museum and Soldier Center - "Defining the Nation (Under Construction)" • skeeze - "statue sam houston memorial" • Texas State Library and Archives Commission - "Mural: "Texas Moves Toward Statehood" - section 1 of 5" • KBaucherel - "austin texas austin tx" • dbking - "Senator John C. Calhoun" • keliblack - "watershed new mexico monument" • dalbera - "Mexique 1900-1950 (Grand Palais, Paris)" • TradingCardsNPS - "The Santa Fe Trail" • tpsdave - "catalina island california landscape" • Children's Bureau Centennial - "Photo0046" • IMLS DCC - "General Store, Eads Bros" • cliff1066™ - "Zachary Taylor, Twelfth President (1849-1850)" • familymwr - "Army Community Covenant expands assistance nationwide 090903" • kevin dooley - "2009 US Proof Dollar - Zachary Taylor" • bergunder - "IMG_5213" • DVS1mn - "The Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi"

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