Aristotle By: SaBINA SZCZEPANIK

Who was Aristotle

Aristotle was born in around 348 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. Aristotle's father was a physician at the Macedonian King's court and although he died when Aristotle was small Aristotle stayed affiliated with the Macedonian court his whole life. Not much is known about Aristotle's mother which was believed to have died when Aristotle was young. After both of Aristotle's parents died his brother-in-law took care of him. When he was 17 Aristotle was sent to Athens to get a higher education. He enrolled in Plato's school and became a student of Sophocles. After Plato died Aristotle hoped to inherit his position at school however, he did not achieve his goal because his views slightly varied from Plato's. The king of Atarneus and Assos invited him to his court where he married an got a daughter.

Accomplishments

  • Aristotle started a school in Athens called Lyceum
  • Advancements in science
  • observed marine life
  • discovered the water cycle
  • discussed topics like natural disasters and astrological events
  • concept of logic
  • theory of deduction
  • wrote 200 books

Philosophy

Aristotle taught his students the "golden rule" which said that a human should not do anything in excess. Aristotle encouraged his students to observe the world around them and record their observations. Aristotle was the first person to group their observations by similarities and differences. Aristotle also studied government. He compared the governments of 158 different places. He grouped the governments he recorded into 3 groups which were: Government ruled by one person, government ruled by a few people, and government ruled by many people. He noticed that the governments rule by fewer people were run by rich people whereas, the ones run by more people were run by the lower classes. Finally Aristotle decided that the best government is a mixture of both.

Affects of Grecce

Aristotle built one of Greece's first school (The Lyceum). He taught many students about biology, astronomy, politics, and many other topics. Aristotle also believed that you could learn by reading others' findings. So he collected manuscripts from around the world creating Greece's first library. Aristotle himself wrote many manuscripts describing science, philosophy, and politics. However, Aristotle did not only make an impact on Greece. He was know in Arabic philosophy as "The First Teacher" and in the West he was called "The Philosopher". Even when Greece fell and Rome took over Aristotle's works were still read by Islamic Scholars.

Affects on today's society

Thanks to Aristotle we know about the water cycle and other natural phenomenons. We also used Aristotle's ideas while creating our government. The creators of the U.S. Constitution used Aristotle's idea of combining the three types of government to make one full government. Many European governments also used Aristotle's ideas of the mixed government.

Death

When Aristotle's pupil: Alexander the Great died and the the Macedonian court was overthrown Aristotle had to escape to avoid prosecution and death. He fled to Calcis where he contacted a digestive system disease. He died in 322 B.C. just a year after he escaped mainland Greece of that very disease.

Sources

Journey Across Time Textbook

http://www.biography.com/people/aristotle-9188415#major-writings http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/aristotle

Created By
Sabina Maria Szczepanik
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Created with images by totravelandbeyond - "marble background backdrop" • brownpau - "Parthenon, Acropolis" • Fæ - "Attic Black-Figure Lekythos with (Body) Dionysos between Maenads and Satyrs and (Shoulder) a Seated Man between Women and Men LACMA 50.9.43" • Martijn.Munneke - "Thessaloniki" • ionasnicolae - "amphitheater greece ancient" • lemaildeclaire - "greek writing engraving stone"

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