Patriarchal Venetians By: Abhijeet, Adrian, Jon, and Nicolas

Universal Theme: Men are treated better than women, due to the fact that they are in a patriarchal society.
Quote 1: Awake! What ho, Brabantio! Thieves, thieves! Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags! Thieves, thieves! (1.1.86-88) Iago is waking up Brabantio with the news that Othello has eloped with Desdemona. Iago calls Othello a thief because Desdemona is basically considered her father's property so since she's married Othello without his permission Iago uses the word thief instead of moor.
Quote 2:Zounds, sir, you're robbed. For shame, put on your gown! Your heart is burst. You have lost half your soul. Even now, now, very now, an old black ram Is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise! Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you. Arise, I say! (1.1.94-101). Iago suggests that Desdemona's elopement is a kind of theft. He then uses Brabantio's fears of miscegenation when he says an "old black ram is tupping Brabantio's white ewe". Iago's goal of describing Othello and Desdemona is meant to scare Brabantio into thinking that Desdemona's purity has been compromised by her sexual relationship with Othello. Then Iago tells that Othello is a devil that will make Brabantio the grandfather of black babies.
Quote 3:My story being done, She gave me for my pains a world of sighs. She swore, in faith, twas strange, 'twas passing strange, 'Twas pitiful, 'twas wondrous pitiful. She wished she had not heard it, yet she wished That heaven had made her such a man. She thanked me, And bade me, if I had a friend that loved her, I should but teach him how to tell my story, And that would woo her. Upon this hint I spake. She loved me for the dangers I had passed, And I loved her that she did pity them. (1.3.182-194) Othello explains that Desdemona fell in love with him while listening to his life stories. When Othello recalls that Desdemona said "she wish'd that heaven had made her such a man". This means that she wishes that if she was a man she want to be like Othello.
Quote 4: Look to her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to see. She has deceived her father, and may thee. (1.3.333-334) Brabantio suggests that since Desdemona has deceived him by running off to marry Othello and most likely deceive him too. Brabantio is saying that since she was a deceiving daughter she will be a deceiving wife.
Quote 5: Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio; Wear your eye thus, not jealous nor secure. I would not have your free and noble nature, Out of self-bounty, be abused. Look to 't. I know our country disposition well; In Venice they do let God see the pranks They dare not show their husbands. Their best conscience Is not to leave 't undone, but keep 't unknown. (3.3.228-236) Iago claims that Venetian women can't be trusted because they all deceive their husbands with their secret affairs. Since othello starts to believe him Iago is able to manipulate Othello into believing that Desdemona is truly unfaithful.
Quote 6: OTHELLO, striking her Devil! DESDEMONA I have not deserved this. […] OTHELLO O, devil, devil! If that the earth could teem with woman's tears, Each drop she falls would prove a crocodile. Out of my sight! DESDEMONA I will not stay to offend you. (4.1.269; 273-277) At the beginning Desdemona is strong, confident, and defiant but she winds up becoming the victim of Othello's physical and emotional abuse she then becomes passive and obedient and at the end she blames herself for Othello's behavior.
Quote 7: But I do think it is their husbands' faults If wives do fall. Say that they slack their duties, And pour our treasures into foreign laps; Or else break out in peevish jealousies, Throwing restraint upon us. Or say they strike us, Or scant our former having in despite. Why, we have galls, and though we have some grace, Yet have we some revenge. Let husbands know Their wives have sense like them. They see, and smell, And have their palates both for sweet and sour, As husbands have. What is it that they do When they change us for others? Is it sport? I think it is. And doth affection breed it? I think it doth. Is't frailty that thus errs? It is so too. And have not we affections, Desires for sport, and frailty, as men have? Then let them use us well. Else let them know, The ills we do, their ills instruct us so. (4.3.97-115) Desdemona asks Emilia if there are any women who would actually cheat on their husbands, Emilia replies that there are and it's the fault of unkind husbands. Emilia tells that husbands cheat on their wives and often physically abuse them, prompting women to stray. Emilia recognizes there's a double standard when it comes to gender and fidelity and she heartily objects.
Quote 8: I had been happy, if the general camp, Pioners and all, had tasted her sweet body, So I had nothing known. O, now, for ever Farewell the tranquil mind! Farewell content! Farewell the plumed troop, and the big wars That make ambition virtue! O, farewell! Farewell the neighing steed and the shrill trump, The spirit-stirring drum, th' ear-piercing fife, The royal banner, and all quality, Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious war! And O you mortal engines, whose rude throats The immortal Jove's dead clamors counterfeit, Farewell! Othello's occupation's gone! (3.3.397-409) Because Othello believes Desdemona has cheated on him, Othello feels that he can't be a soldier any more. He is convinced that he has lost his masculine, soldier identity. Because he believes that his credibility as a military leader has been compromised by Desdemona's supposed affair that he will never find pleasure in the things he once loved
Quote 9: I will chop her into messes! Cuckold me? (4.1.219) Othello is enraged at the idea that Desdemona has made him a cuckold. This would destroy his reputation and he could not handle this since his reputation is what others look to him as to overlook his skin color.
Quote 10: Had it pleased heaven To try me with affliction, had they rained All kinds of sores and shames on my bare head, Steeped me in poverty to the very lips, Given to captivity me and my utmost hopes, I should have found in some place of my soul A drop of patience. But alas, to make me A fixed figure for the time of scorn To point his slow unmoving finger at— (4.2.57-65) Othello tells Desdemona that the worst thing about her cheating on him is that it makes him become a cuckold. It seems that Othello is more upset that he'll be a cuckold than being cheated and embarrassed.
Othello - he thinks that women are good at the start of the book but after Iago poisons his mind about Desdemona and how she cheats on him with Cassio he starts to believe that women are just cheaters and Desdemona is the same. This leads him to become mad at Desdemona and end up killing her because she will make him a cuckold. This attitude of Othello just shows that he is very gullible and doesn't trust women as much

Bianca - She is looked down upon because she is a whore. Cassio is only using her for his sexual needs. She is thinking of getting married to him but he laughs at that idea because it would be lowering his reputation marrying her and says he is only using her for his needs.

Iago - Iago is disrespectful to women and thinks they're just used for your own selfish needs. Even his own wife he uses for his own needs. He disrespects her and doesn't care for her. He includes his wife in his plan by telling her to steal her handkerchief but doesn't tell her why he needs it.

Desdemona - she was taken advantage of by Iago and Othello. Iago used her as a pawn in his plans. He makes her seem as a cheater. The whole was planned on her and if she wasn't as innocent and gullible his plan wouldn't had worked

Brabantio - He's racist and sexist. He does warn Othello about Desdemona cheating on him because she deceived her father as well. Brabantio thinks women never change because if they deceived you once, she'll do it again because it's in their nature.

Literary Devices: Symbolism- handkerchief represents desdemona faithfulness to Othello, the faithfulness of a wife was the most important aspect of a woman's role to her husband at that time Green eyed monster-othello's jealousy of desdemona and Cassio, othello lets the “green eyed monster” take control of him due to stereotypes of women only wanting men for their bodies and not being loyal Metaphors- othello compares desdemona to the goddess of chastity, Dian 3.3.441, being a virgin was considered an important part before marrying Foreshadowing- brabantio warns Othello that desdemona is deceitful 1.3.333, brabantio also believes in the stereotypes of women being unfaithful even in his own daughter

A modern example of this Dichotomy is that all women are always paid less than men. This shows how women are still treated less than men because men are still getting paid more than women.

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