Southern Africa Pages 377- 396

Land forms and bodies of water.

  1. The cape of good hope at the southern tip of the continent is considered the place where the two oceans meet.
  2. Several of the regions countries are fairly large.
  3. Southern africa is bordered by the Indian Ocean on the east and the Atlantic in the west.

Landforms

  1. In Angola , the escarpment, a steep cliff between a higher and lower surface, runs parallel to the Atlantic coast and continues through Namibia.
  2. The Kalahari covers much of eastern Namibia and Botswana.
  3. If southern Africa's physical geography could be described in one word it would be HIGH.

Bodies of Water

  1. Zambezi
  2. Limpopo
  3. Orange

Which type of landform is most common in Southern Africa?

Plateaus

Tropical Zone

  1. Daily average temperatures range from high 60s to upper 70s.
  2. More than 70 inches of annual rainfall is common.

Temperate Zones

  1. Annual rainfall varies from 8 inches in some places to 24 in others.
  2. Most of the rainfall falls in the summer, with very little the rest of the year.

Desert regions

  1. Western South Africa, western Namibia, and most of Botswana are arid.
  2. Along the coast, the Namib Desert gets little to no rain.

Why are temperatures in Southern Africa’s tropical countries generally not hot?

They at that high elevation and stuffz foolz.

What natural resources are found in South Africa and why are they important.

  1. Platinum gold and diamonds, natural gas, and lots of water resources these help with money making and sustainability.

South Africa's resources.

  1. These resources have created a thriving mining industry.
  2. This industry has attracted workers and investments from other countries that have helped south Africa's industries grow.

Energy resources

  1. The region's rivers are another resource for providing power.
  2. Mozambique has large deposits of natural gas as well, as does Angola

Minerals and other resources.

  1. Gold is a leading export for Zimbabwe.
  2. Malawi's most important resources is it fertile soil.

Widelife

  1. Poaching, or illegally killing game is a problem.

How does DEFORESTATION effect the energy supply in the region?

  1. It gets rid of tree burning and stuffz foolz!!! VAPE NAYSHAW

LESSON 2

History of southern Africa-rise of kingdoms

  1. Southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years

Foolz

The great zimbabwe

  1. Around the year A.D 900, the Shona people built a wealthy and powerful kingdom in what is now Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
  2. The capital city was called Great Zimbabwe.
he be rolling to the beat.

the mutapa empire

  1. The Portuguese arrived and took over the coast trade in the 1500s
  2. They gradually gained control over he empire and orced its people to mine for them.

other kingdoms

  1. shaka was killed in 1828, but his empire-survived until the British destroyed it in the Zulu war of 1879.
  2. Some of the early kingdoms were influenced by Arab and Muslim culture.

EUROPEAN colonies

  1. Around 1500, Portugal and other European countries started establishing settlements along the African coast.
MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM

Banananas

  1. They are good.
  2. They look weird.
  3. you have to take the peel off before you eat.

clashes in south africa.

  1. During the 1600s till about the 1800s, Europeans set trading posts but did not establish colonies.

the union of the south.

  1. Wars in Europe gave Britain control of the cape colony in the early 1800s.
idk lol

colonialism in other areas.

  1. While the British and the Boers competed for south Africa other European countries competed for the rest of Africa.

Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s?

British and or the rest of them....................................foolz.

Independence and equal rights

  1. Britain granted Independence to Malawi and Zambia in 1964 and Botswana and Lesotho in 1966.

The end of PORTUGUESE rule.

  1. While the other European countries gave up their African colonies,Portugal refused to do so.
probably from portugal.

the birth of Zimbabwe

  1. Rhodesia's population demanded the right to vote.
probably from zimbabwe or other african countries.

equal rights in south africa

  1. The new government began enacting laws the created the system called apartheid-an Afrikaans word that means "apartness".
  2. The ANC began a campaign of CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE, disobeying certain laws as a means of protest.
  3. Countries began placing embargos, or bans on trading, on South Africa

LESSOn three

________________________

Life in southern africa-the people of the regions

  1. The population of southern Africa is overwhelmingly black Africans.

population patterns

  1. Southern Africa's countries vary widely.
  2. Population depends heavily on geography and economics.
  3. South Africa- which surrounds both of them(Lesotho and Swaziland), has the region's largest population---about 49 million.

Ethnic and culture groups

  1. Africans are not a single people.
  2. Africa is home to many ethnic and cultural groups who speak several different languages.
  3. One group, the Shona, makes up 80% of the country of Zimbabwe.

religion and language

  1. Southern Africa's colonial past has influenced it's people's beliefs.
  2. In almost every country, most of the people are Christian.
What is main religion practiced in Southern Africa
  1. Yo they be all christian and stuffs....................................................foolz.

life in south africa

  1. As in may other countries, life differs from city to countryside.

urban life

  1. Although most people in the region of Southern Africa

urban growth and change

  1. The rapid growth of some cities has strained public utilities-services such as trash collection, sewage treatment, and water distribution.
  2. The region's cities have a mix of many ethnic groups and cultures.
  3. Outside the central city are the white neighborhoods where about 20 percent of the city's population

family and traditional life

  1. Building materials, which vary by ethnic group, include rocks mud bricks woven sticks snd twigs packed with clay, and thatch-straw or other plant material used to cover roofs.
  2. They sell the products in cities or at periodic markets- open air - trading markets held regularly at crossroads or in larger towns.

southern africa today

  1. Southern Africa's wealth of mineral, wildlife, and other resources may be the key to its future.

health issues

  1. Life expectancy in Southern Africa is low.

disease

  1. Malaria a tropical disease carried by mosquitoes is a problem in several countries
  2. Malnutrition is a cause of death for many infants and young children
  3. a major cause of death in children and adults is HIV/AIDS

progress and growth

  1. Angola and Mozambique continue to rebuild the cities and towns.
  2. tourism at national parks has grown with the establishment of stable, democratic governments.
cause its growing get it.

help from other countries

  1. the USA has used economic aid to strengthen democracy in Southern Africa.
  2. Other countries and international organizations have also made huge investments in the region.
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