EDUCATION By: Francesca Donovan

Cover image: https://www.theodysseyonline.com/to-the-graduating-seniors-its-going-to-be-okay

Part One:

The current global challenges with education are poverty and gender inequality.

Poverty's Effect on Education:

Education costs money, money that not everyone has access to. Public schools are an option in many places, but their curriculum lacks many crucial understandings. Low income students are scared off from student debts and many have to drop out of school to work and support their families.

Schools in low socioeconomic areas are underfunded.

The cycle of poverty plays a role in the global challenge for education. Many teenagers and even kids have to drop out of school because they cannot afford it and have to support their families by getting a job or working around the house.

"The Cycle of Poverty" http://www.thisworldexists.org/education-inequality/

Gender Inequality in Education:

“I raise up my voice-not so I can shout but so that those without a voice c,an be heard...we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.” –Malala Yousafzai, advocate for women's education

Even though female enrollment has been rising at a greater rate than males since 1970, most women face continuing challenges of late entry, repetition, and dropping out.

Left: http://www.nestle.com/Media/NewsAndFeatures/Nestle-tells-the-United-Nations-how-it-is-improving-the-health-of-women-and-children Right: https://earlymodernwomenswork.wordpress.com/2016/02/23/why-do-women-carry-things-on-their-heads/

The limited access that women have to education is due to domestic responsibilities, early marriages, sexual harassment and violence, religious constraints, and limited job options for women.

Malala Yousafzai: activist for female education and the youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate

Part Two:

The current state of this global challenge, education, is seen in the literacy rates of youth and adults and the comparison of the amount of literate women to literate men.

Literacy Rates:

From 1985-2004, youth literacy rates were at 83.3%. Over time, the rates have improved to 89.6% (in 2005-2010)- an increase of 6.3 percentage points.

Youth literacy rate at a global scale: https://themp.org/#load_BasicGroupSituationMobileView_Group_521fb09295dfb59d480044bc

781 million adults cannot read or write.

Adult literacy rates: globally:https://themp.org/#load_BasicGroupSituationMobileView_Group_521fb09295dfb59d480044bc

These literacy rates reflect the growing concern of lack of education. Though many areas have access to education, other areas do not. There are still around 10% of youths that cannot read or write due to their lack of education. This then creates a growing amount of illiterate adults.

Gender Comparison of Literacy Rates:

  • Global adult literacy is at 80% for women and 89% for men.
  • 2/3 of the 781 million adults who cannot read or write are women
  • Though the amount of illiterate people in the world is shrinking, the proportion of illiterate females remain steady (63%-64%.)
  • In 2012, 87% of girls (under 15) had basic literacy skills- in comparison to the 92% of male youths.

Women make up the majority of adults who cannot read or write. Women are given less oppurtunity than men, as seen in their lack of education. Women should have equal rights when it comes to education as 2/3 of illiterate adults are women.

Part Three:

The Global Challenge of Education and How it Affects a Certain Place.

Education is a precious resource that not all have access to. Education teaches people skills that will lead to economic growth and prosperity as well as job opportunities.

Education affects communities in multiple ways. It has been proven to reduce the crime rate. Places with a 5% increase in college graduation saw a 18.7% reduction in homicides.

Spotlight: Niger

http://ontheworldmap.com/niger/
  • Niger is at the bottom of the UN's Education Index
  • Average time at school = 1.5 years
  • Least literate nation in the world
  • 15% adults can read and write
  • 5.2% of citizens have a secondary education
  • 31% of the population drops out of primary school
  • Even worse for women: 70% of the poorest women in this country never attended school
  • For those who went to school, it was a financial struggle: 75% of the poorest household's spent money was on school supplies
The people of Niger and where they live.

How The Lack Of Education Affects Niger...

  • By continuing the cycle of poverty. By dropping out of school or not going, children and teenagers lose opportunities for themselves and for their future children.
  • By not preparing students for the workforce, which leads to not enough workers for the amount of jobs. Education teaches important skills. Without education, youths are not able to learn these skills required by jobs. This lack of educated people has lead to unfilled positions in the work force that are important for a progressive country.
  • By continuing to destroy its economy. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, depending strongly on donations from foreign supporters. Education leads to jobs, and jobs lead to a stronger economy.

Credits:

Created with images by worldwaterweek - "Water Education in schools" • Sarah Mirk - "Student loan protest" • RIBI Image Library - "poverty8" • Fibonacci Blue - "OccupyMN protest in Minneapolis: Day 1" • DFID - UK Department for International Development - "Malala Yousafzai with delegates at the Supporting Syria and the Region conference" • AtelierKS - "school bus america vehicles" • DFID - UK Department for International Development - "Youth to youth education" • IICD - "Tanzania - Girl shows computer parts to class" • user1479484043 - "senior middle school senior year excited" • qimono - "earth globe moon" • akshayapatra - "happy children education akshaya patra" • jeanotr - "Saga Kourtey - Niamey from the sky" • jeanotr - "Case nigérienne" • Joris-Jan - "Kids in Tanout, Niger" • IDVMedia - "Students at the Institute Classique"

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