Poverty's Effect on Education:
Education costs money, money that not everyone has access to. Public schools are an option in many places, but their curriculum lacks many crucial understandings. Low income students are scared off from student debts and many have to drop out of school to work and support their families.
Schools in low socioeconomic areas are underfunded.
The cycle of poverty plays a role in the global challenge for education. Many teenagers and even kids have to drop out of school because they cannot afford it and have to support their families by getting a job or working around the house.
Gender Inequality in Education:
“I raise up my voice-not so I can shout but so that those without a voice c,an be heard...we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.” –Malala Yousafzai, advocate for women's education
Even though female enrollment has been rising at a greater rate than males since 1970, most women face continuing challenges of late entry, repetition, and dropping out.
From 1985-2004, youth literacy rates were at 83.3%. Over time, the rates have improved to 89.6% (in 2005-2010)- an increase of 6.3 percentage points.
781 million adults cannot read or write.
These literacy rates reflect the growing concern of lack of education. Though many areas have access to education, other areas do not. There are still around 10% of youths that cannot read or write due to their lack of education. This then creates a growing amount of illiterate adults.
Gender Comparison of Literacy Rates:
- Global adult literacy is at 80% for women and 89% for men.
- 2/3 of the 781 million adults who cannot read or write are women
- Though the amount of illiterate people in the world is shrinking, the proportion of illiterate females remain steady (63%-64%.)
- In 2012, 87% of girls (under 15) had basic literacy skills- in comparison to the 92% of male youths.
Education is a precious resource that not all have access to. Education teaches people skills that will lead to economic growth and prosperity as well as job opportunities.
Education affects communities in multiple ways. It has been proven to reduce the crime rate. Places with a 5% increase in college graduation saw a 18.7% reduction in homicides.
- Niger is at the bottom of the UN's Education Index
- Average time at school = 1.5 years
- Least literate nation in the world
- 15% adults can read and write
- 5.2% of citizens have a secondary education
- 31% of the population drops out of primary school
- Even worse for women: 70% of the poorest women in this country never attended school
- For those who went to school, it was a financial struggle: 75% of the poorest household's spent money was on school supplies