Designing with Materials By: Charley Tzagournis

Element Cuts Vocabulary

Asymmetry

A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

Balance

The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Collage

An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

Composition

The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design

Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape

Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

Line

An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space

Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space

Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design

A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)

Shape

A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

Space

The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.

Symmetry

A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.

Elements cut out Reflection

The balance in my project is pretty good both sides almost have the same amount of materials on each side. I did not use geometric shapes I used organic shapes like lighting bolts. My piece was symmetrical because it was balanced on each side. Principles in my piece are pattern, contrast and emphasis. In my piece both sides are the same pattern and I have contrast in the different sizes in my lighting bolts and my other things. Also I have emphasis on one of my pieces I put yellow polka dots and it pops out. Overall my craftsmanship was decent. I think I did a good job of cutting out my pieces, I struggled with gluing my lighting bolts because some of them are very small and I would over glue them. I used the rule of thirds in my piece to draw attention to all of my pieces. The color that I used was yellow because yellow is a popping color.

Printing Vocabulary

Contour-The outline of a shape.

Cross-hatching-A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point-The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line-In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic-A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint-A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals-A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate-In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print-An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making-The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing-A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Printmaking Reflection

I decided my imagery by thinking about animals and then I thought about turtles and after that I also decided to add some seaweed and coral into my design. No artists inspired me. My design is original because I designed it and decided what colors to use. I used the colors green, light blue and orange. I used light blue to represent water and green to represent the seaweed and turtles and orange to represent the coral. I would not make any changes. Color reduction because it allows you to use more than one color and print multiple times.

Mixed Media Vocabulary

Abstract

A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

Acrylics

Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives

The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background

The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground

Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity

Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground

Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media

An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective

Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor

A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Mixed Media Reflection

Describe your background, middleground, and foreground? In the background of my picture I have zentangling, red/purple acrylic paint and some string jell dots and lines. in my foreground I also have zentangling, red/purple acrylic paint and some string jell dots and lines. In my middleground I have a purple fish and some zentangling.

What was the hardest thing about the layering process, and what techniques did you use? The hardest part for me was applying the acrylic paint to my piece it was difficult to brush it on and the paint ran out quickly on the brush. Also string painting was a kinda difficult technique because it was hard to be accurate with the jell.

What did you learn about layering process (background, middleground, foreground)? I learned that you can add many layers and lots of details throughout your piece also I learned that I can apply tape to my piece to cover up my layer.

What do you wish you would have learned or understood about the process before you started your mixed media piece? I wish I would've been able to use acrylic paint better because it was hard to use.

If you did it over again what would you do differently? I would not use as much string jell and add more doodles.

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