Malcolm X (S)Malcolm X, born Malcom little, and later also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his supporters he was a courageous advocate for the equality of blacks. Critics accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.(PETIN)

(s)Malcolm Little (X) was born in Omaha, Nebraska on May 19, 1925. His father, Earl little, was a Baptist minister and both his mother and father were members of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. After the murder of his father by the black legion, a white racist group, when he was six ,and his mother, Louise Helen little, was placed in a mental hospital when he was thirteen, he spent the rest of his childhood in foster homes and with family members.(Petin)
(s)Malcolm dropped out of high school when he was 14 after and lived with his half sister until age 22. Malcolm was arrested at age twenty three for many crimes including dealing drugs, larceny, gambling, robbery, and operating a prostitution business. in 1945, little went to Boston where he and four accomplices orchestrated many burglaries targeting wealthy white families . While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the nation of Islam and after his parole in 1952, he became one of the NOI's influential leaders. (Petin)
(S)While Malcolm was a member, he proudly wrote In his autobiography the achievements he had made. Such as its free drug rehabilitation program, the nations promotion in black supremacy, the separation of whites and blacks, and the rejection of the civil rights movement for its emphasis on integration.(petin)
(S)Many African Americans turned away from Christianity because some African Americans found oppression at church because it was dominant white supremacy. Many African Americans challenged Christianity and many left it completely.(Petin)
(S)in 1955, Betty Sanders met Malcolm X after one of his lectures and again at one of his dinner parties and soon became a member of the NOI. She changed her name to Betty X. Malcolm X proposed to her over the phone and they married two days later. they had six daughters , Attallah, Qubilah, IIyasah, Gamilah Lumumba, and twins Malikah and Malaak.(petin)
(S)In march 1964, Malcolm became disappointed with the NOI and the leader, Elijah Muhammad. He felt his time with them was a huge waste and he turned to Sunni Islam. He traveled to Africa and the Middle east and he completed the Hajj. He later founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. and Organization of Afro- American Unity. He continued to articulate Pan Africanism, black self-determination, and black self-defense. (petin)
(S) in 1964, Malcom was repeatedly threatened by the NOI. in February, the leader of the temple ordered the bombing of Malcolm X's car.(Peter)
(S)On February 9, 1965, Malcolm told the interviewer Gordon Parks that the NOI was trying to kill him. On February 21 1965, Malcolm was preparing to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity in Manhattan's Audubon ballroom when a quarrel started. Malcolm and his body guards tried to stop it but a man rushed forward and shot him in the chest. two other men shot Malcolm. Malcolm was pronounced dead at 3:30 pm. The autopsy showed that Malcom had been shot 21 times.(spike)
(S)There was a film made about the life of Malcolm. The importance of the film is that he fought for the rights of African Americans and how racism impacted his life. The film shows the life of Malcolm and His life in prison and his religion.(mark)
(S)Malcolm X has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.He is largely responsible for the spread of Islam in the black community in the United States.(Darwin)

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.