The Cold War "Proxy wars" - Destini Vincent

Background Information

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

The first stage of the civil war began only months before Nazi Germany’s occupation of Greece ended in October 1944. The German occupation had been resisted by two principal Greek guerrilla forces.

Cause/Reason For Intervention

The USSR consolidated its control over the states of the Eastern Bloc, while the United States began a strategy of global containment to challenge Soviet power, extending military and financial aid to the countries of Western Europe (for example, supporting the anti-communist side in the Greek Civil War) and creating the NATO alliance.

The NATO alliance is The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, it is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

Summary Of Events

When the USSR began to pressure Greece & Turkey to turn communist, the U.S. created the Truman Doctrine, promising economic & military help to any nation threatened by communism


Greece had been devastated by the war. Thousands of civilians had been uprooted. The country was economically bankrupt–industry at a standstill, factories destroyed, ports and cities in ruins. The civil government was in chaos, almost ineffectual in dealing with the country’s problems.

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