1920s Boom to 1930s Bust By Ella Smith - Period 1 - Mrs. Rooney

1920s Women using their new and approved appliances to help around the house.
1930s Women struggle to take care of their families with the very little money they have.
Home life for Farmers was hard in both the 1920s and 1930s. Farmers received little money and many lost their farming homes to the banks

In the 1920s, many people lived in nice and neat homes with many cars and appliances. Home life in the Great Depression was difficult. Home life in the Great Depression was difficult. Some people lost their homes because they could no longer afford it. “Hoovervilles” were towns filled with shacks made by the homeless. There were hundreds of “Hoovervilles” all over the country, with thousands of people living within them. People who did have their own place often lived in run down or not well taken care of houses or apartments. Providing food for the whole family was a struggle. It was very hard to avoid hunger. Woman took full responsibility of the house chores. Woman now sewed the family’s clothing and baked homemade breads. Nothing could be bought with the little amount of money everyone owned. Some people even resorted to just leaving their families behind. Farmers had a hard life at home in both the 1920's and 1930's. They earned very little money and many of their farms went into foreclosure. It only got worse in the 1930's. Farmers barely had enough money to afford food for their families. Lots of farmers left their homes after fields turned into sand pits and dust filled the air (dust bowl).

Women spent their leisure time shopping and becoming flappers at speakeasies.
1920's theater and movie
1930's theater and movie

What people did in their free time in the 1920s versus what people did in their free time in the 1930s had changed. In the 1920s, people would go to clubs and speakeasies and drink the night away. Woman would become flappers and dance like nobody was watching. People also spent their free time going on shopping sprees and spending everything on credit. People were carefree with their leisure time in the 1920s. That all changed in the 1930s. Most people did not go to clubs or stores because no one had the money to any of these things. Most people's free time in the 1930’s were often spent trying to find work. One thing that people did in their free time that didn't change was going to the movies. People still loved going to see a good movie to cheer them up. Many popular movies, such as The Wizard of Oz, were even created in the 1930s.

1920's Stock Brokers enjoy earning money from their well paid jobs.
Stockbrokers tell upset and angry people that their money was lost due to the Stock Market crash. This leads to millions of closed banks in the 1930's.
1930's Stockbroker, who once had lots of cash, is selling his car to make some money.
1920's Newspaper vs 1930's Newspaper. 1920's Newspaper was telling about the Stock Market booming, while the 1930's paper is telling people about the devastating Stock Market crash
In the 1920s, Industrialists and their businesses were thriving because of their control and payments toward workers.
In the 1930s, many businesses close and millions lose their jobs.
1920's President Hoover and 1930's President Franklin D. Roosevelt
President Hoover did not help the people because he believed it was not the Federal Government's job to do so.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected in to office in 1933 and quickly takes action to help the economy.
President Roosevelt creates Fireside Chats for people to listen to on the radio. Roosevelt discusses what is going on and helps boost people's confidence in this hard time.

The Great Depression was a very hard time for America. It made a devastating impact on American’s in the 1930s. There was many obstacles and challenges to be faced during the Great Depression. It all started when the Stock Market crashed in 1929. Many people lost all the money they had. Since lots of people had no money to put into banks, banks started shutting down. Factories and businesses started shutting down because no one had the money to afford their products. When the businesses shut down, workers lost their jobs and no longer earned money. Many industrialists and business owners went from living it big time in the Roaring Twenties to losing their businesses and all their workers in the Great Depression. Stockbrokers went from earning money in the 1920s to losing all their money and having to close down banks in the 1930s. The federal government did not help any of the these problems because the president at the time, Herbert Hoover, believed in Laissez Faire. He believe he could not fix the problems of the Great Depression, and only the people and businesses could. In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president. He took immediate action to helping the Great Depression. He proposed a new deal which provided reform, relief, and recovery. He provided jobs for people, set up organizations to help the problems around the country, and helped encourage banks to open back up. He also created a fireside chat room on the radio that told people what actions were being taken place. These fireside chat rooms had given people confidence and hope for the future.

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